Nonlinear Ultrasonic Properties of As-Quenched Steels
We have investigated the effect of carbon content on the nonlinear ultrasonic parameter β and the longitudinal phase velocity v L in a series of martensitic steel specimens. The specimens were measured in the as-quenched state to insure that the carbon was present primarily as an interstitial in the martensite. Experimentally, β increased with increasing mass percent carbon (or hardness), while v Lremained virtually the same for all specimens. Therefore we conclude that β is sensitive to microstructural variations between the specimens, but v L is not. X-ray diffraction experiments indicate that the dislocation density in the specimens is high (∼1011/cm2) and increases with increasing carbon content. These results support the hypothesis that the observed increase in β may be attributed to dislocations affected by internal stresses in the quenched specimens.