A Permutation Test of Genetic Association between Salmonella Isolated On-farm and At-abattoir using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism

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Du, Yingzhou
Wang, Chong
Liu, Peng
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As leaders in statistical research, collaboration, and education, the Department of Statistics at Iowa State University offers students an education like no other. We are committed to our mission of developing and applying statistical methods, and proud of our award-winning students and faculty.
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Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
The mission of VDPAM is to educate current and future food animal veterinarians, population medicine scientists and stakeholders by increasing our understanding of issues that impact the health, productivity and well-being of food and fiber producing animals; developing innovative solutions for animal health and food safety; and providing the highest quality, most comprehensive clinical practice and diagnostic services. Our department is made up of highly trained specialists who span a wide range of veterinary disciplines and species interests. We have faculty of all ranks with expertise in diagnostics, medicine, surgery, pathology, microbiology, epidemiology, public health, and production medicine. Most have earned certification from specialty boards. Dozens of additional scientists and laboratory technicians support the research and service components of our department.
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StatisticsVeterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine

Pork and pork products have been identified as a significant source of Salmonella infection, which is a major public health concern. The contamination of Salmonella on pork can happen both on farms (before slaughter) and at abattoirs (after slaughter). Salmonella isolates were collected from both feces on farms and lymph nodes in the abattoir to determine if contamination at abattoirs can be linked back to the farms of origin. Molecular subtyping of the isolated Salmonella was performed using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), a Polymerase chain reaction-based, high-throughput, relatively inexpensive method. In this paper, we develop a permutation test for the genetic association of Salmonella isolated on-farm and at-abattoir using the AFLP data. Simulation studies show that the proposed permutation test controls the type I error rate appropriately as well as possesses high power. An application of the proposed permutation test to the real Salmonella ALFP data results in a p-value of 0.038 which shows strong evidence of association between Salmonella isolated on-farm and at-abattoir.


This article is from Biometrics & Biostatistics 5 (2014); 204, doi: 10.472/2155-6180.1000204. Posted with permission.

Wed Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2014