Review of: Cyrus C. M. Mody. The Squares: US Physical and Engineering Scientists in the Long 1970s. Inside Technology Series. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2022. 422 pp. $65.00 (paper), ISBN 978-0-262-54361-3.

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2023-10
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H-Net Humanities & Social Sciences Online
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Bix, Amy
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History
The Department of History seeks to provide students with a knowledge of historical themes and events, an understanding of past cultures and social organizations, and also knowledge of how the past pertains to the present.

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The Department of History was formed in 1969 from the division of the Department of History, Government, and Philosophy.

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Traditionally, studies of Cold War science and engineering revolve around accounts of the military-industrial complex, plus leading scientists and engineers whose careers served and promoted institutional power. Other histories have documented rebels who conspicuously denounced militarism and “hippie” researchers who explored counterculture theories. Cyrus C. M. Mody instead examines “the squares,” which he defines as the many engineers and scientists who remained ideologically “ambivalent or publicly quiet” amid turmoil over Vietnam, campus youth protests, and other 1960s-70s controversies (p. 269). Neither conservatives nor activists, this group “is conspicuous in its absence from histories of 1970s American science and engineering,” Mody writes (p. 9).
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This review is published as Bix, A.S., “Review of “Cyrus C. M. Mody. The Squares: U.S. Physical and Engineering Scientists in the Long 1970s, Inside Technology Series. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2022. 422 pp. $65.00 (paper), ISBN 978-0-262-54361-3.” H-Sci-Med-Tech, H-Net. October, 2023.; https://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=58135 . Posted with permission.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 United States License.
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