Evaluating Sustainable Practices of Bangladeshi Apparel and Textile Industry: Triple Bottom Line Approach
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The first national meeting of textile and clothing professors took place in Madison, Wisconsin in June 1959. With a mission to advance excellence in education, scholarship and innovation, and their global applications, the International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) is a professional and educational association of scholars, educators, and students in the textile, apparel, and merchandising disciplines in higher education.
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This study was executed to evaluate the current state of social and environment practices among Bangladeshi apparel and textile manufactures. A mixed methods study was conducted with industry professionals using Triple Bottom Line (TBL) theory as an underpinning. A total of 58 usable survey responded by professionals currently working in the apparel and textile manufacturing industry in Bangladesh were analyzed. Results indicated Bangladeshi manufacturers are addressing economic, environmental and social sustainability, while economic concerns were found to be a first priority for each sector of the industry, environmental and social priority varied based on the nature of the industry. Frequently mentioned impediments to implement social and environmental sustainability found to financial burden, political unrest, resource scarcity, lack of knowledge, lower prices of the products due to buyers' negotiations and competitive market.