Adjusting corn nitrogen management by including a mineralizable‐nitrogen test with the preplant and presidedress nitrate tests

Thumbnail Image
Date
2020-01-01
Authors
Clark, Jason
Fernández, Fabián
Veum, Kristen
Camberato, James
Carter, Paul
Ferguson, Richard
Franzen, David
Kaiser, Daniel
Kitchen, Newell
Laboski, Carrie
Major Professor
Advisor
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Authors
Person
Sawyer, John
Emeritus Professor
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Organizational Unit
Agronomy

The Department of Agronomy seeks to teach the study of the farm-field, its crops, and its science and management. It originally consisted of three sub-departments to do this: Soils, Farm-Crops, and Agricultural Engineering (which became its own department in 1907). Today, the department teaches crop sciences and breeding, soil sciences, meteorology, agroecology, and biotechnology.

History
The Department of Agronomy was formed in 1902. From 1917 to 1935 it was known as the Department of Farm Crops and Soils.

Dates of Existence
1902–present

Historical Names

  • Department of Farm Crops and Soils (1917–1935)

Related Units

Journal Issue
Is Version Of
Versions
Series
Department
Abstract

The anaerobic potentially mineralizable N (PMN) test combined with the preplant (PPNT) and presidedress (PSNT) nitrate tests may improve corn (Zea mays L.) N fertilization predictions. Forty‐nine corn N response experiments (mostly corn following soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]) were conducted in the U.S. Midwest from 2014–2016 to evaluate the ability of the PPNT and PSNT to predict corn relative yield (RY) and N fertilizer over‐ and under‐application rates when adjusted by PMN. Before planting and N fertilization, PPNT (0–30, 30–60, and 60–90 cm) and PMN (0–30 cm) samples were obtained. In‐season soil samples were obtained at the V5 development stage for PSNT (0–30, 30–60 cm) in all N rate treatments and PMN (0–30 cm) in only the 0 and 180 kg N ha−1 preplant N treatments. Increasing NO3–N sampling depths beyond 30 cm with or without PMN improved RY predictability marginally (R2 increase up to 0.20) and reduced over‐ and under‐application frequencies up to 14%. Including PMN (preplant only) with PPNT or PSNT improved RY predictability minimally (R2 increase up to 0.10) only for coarse‐ and medium‐textured soils, but N fertilizer over‐ and under‐application frequencies were not substantially reduced (≤12%). These marginal improvements in RY predictability and N fertilizer over‐ and under‐application frequencies, regardless of the variables used (e.g., fertilization, sampling depth, soil texture, and growing degree‐day categories), demonstrate that including PMN with soil NO3–N alone does not improve corn N fertilization need predictions enough to recommend their use.

Comments

This article is published as Clark, Jason D., Fabián G. Fernández, Kristen S. Veum, James J. Camberato, Paul R. Carter, Richard B. Ferguson, David W. Franzen et al. "Adjusting corn nitrogen management by including a mineralizable‐nitrogen test with the preplant and presidedress nitrate tests." Agronomy Journal (2020). doi: 10.1002/agj2.20228.

Description
Keywords
Citation
DOI
Copyright
Collections