Impact of rhizome quality on Miscanthus establishment in claypan soil landscapes Randall, Bryan Yost, Matt Heaton, Emily Kitchen, Newell Heaton, Emily Stelzer, Henry Thompson, Allen
dc.contributor.department Agronomy 2018-01-24T20:16:45.000 2020-06-29T23:04:32Z 2020-06-29T23:04:32Z 2016-07-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Thousands of eroded-soil hectares in the U.S. Midwest have been planted to <em>Miscanthus</em> <em>×</em> <em>giganteus</em> as an industrial or bioenergy crop in recent years, but few studies on factors affecting crop establishment have been performed on these soils. The objective of this study was to quantify how both rhizome quality and depth of soil from the surface to the first argillic horizon (or depth to claypan (DTC1)) affected <em>M.</em> <em>×</em> <em>giganteus</em> establishment. Rhizome quality (i.e., mass, length, diameter, viable buds, score), emergence, growth, and winter survival were measured on rhizomes planted in 2013 at Columbia and 2014 at Centralia, Missouri on clay loam soils with a range of DTC. Rhizome emergence and early tillering slightly increased as DTC increased, but these effects on growth diminished as the season progressed. Rhizome emergence and growth were more influenced by some metrics of rhizome quality; the odds of a rhizome emerging increased by 25 and 40% with each 1 cm and 1 bud increase in rhizome length and active bud count, respectively. Furthermore, late tiller counts, basal circumference, and end-of-season biomass increased as rhizome length and mass increased. Winter survival could not be estimated as well as emergence, but the odds of survival across sites increased by 5% with each 1 cm increase in rhizome length. When DTC was categorized as soil erosion class or landscape position, only the backslope at Centralia caused greater <em>M.</em> <em>×</em> <em>giganteus</em> growth than other positions. These findings demonstrate the resiliency of <em>M.</em> <em>×</em> <em>giganteus</em> for early growth and establishment on even the most degraded parts of the claypan soil landscape and indicate that propagating larger rhizomes will improve establishment.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Randall, Bryan K., Matt A. Yost, Newell R. Kitchen, Emily A. Heaton, Henry E. Stelzer, and Allen L. Thompson. "Impact of rhizome quality on Miscanthus establishment in claypan soil landscapes." Industrial Crops and Products 85 (2016): 331-340. doi: <a href="" target="_blank">10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.12.040</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 1355
dc.identifier.contextkey 11384618
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath agron_pubs/354
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 23:45:07 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.12.040
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Science
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Miscanthus establishment
dc.subject.keywords Rhizome quality
dc.subject.keywords Marginal soils
dc.subject.keywords Soil depth
dc.subject.keywords Landscape position
dc.title Impact of rhizome quality on Miscanthus establishment in claypan soil landscapes
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 716d7071-adb0-4700-9b63-b9da2205795e
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication fdd5c06c-bdbe-469c-a38e-51e664fece7a
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