Drosophila mTOR complex2 preserves mitochondrial and cardiac function under high fat diet treatment

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2021-01-28
Authors
Chang, Kai
Requejo Figueroa, Guillermo A.
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© 2021 The Authors
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Bai, Hua
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Genetics, Development and Cell Biology
Abstract
High fat diet (HFD)-associated lipotoxicity is one of the major causes of cardiovascular diseases. The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, especially mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), has been previously implicated in HFD-induced heart dysfunction. In the present study, we find that unlike mTORC1, mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2) protects hearts from HFD-induced cardiomyopathy and mitochondrial dysfunction in Drosophila. We show that HFD feeding induces contractile dysfunction along with altered mitochondrial morphology and function. Upon HFD feeding, the mitochondria of cardiomyocytes exhibit fragmentation, loss of membrane potential, and calcium overload. Interestingly, HFD feeding also reduces the activity of cardiac mTORC2. In line with this finding, the flies with cardiac-specific knockdown of rictor, the key subunit of mTORC2, show cardiac and mitochondrial dysfunction similar to what is observed in HFD-fed wild-type flies. Conversely, cardiac-specific activation of mTORC2 by overexpressing rictor attenuates HFD-induced mitochondrial and cardiac dysfunction. Thus, our findings suggest that mTORC2 is a cardioprotective factor and regulates mitochondrial homeostasis upon HFD feeding.
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This is a preprint made available through bioRxiv at doi:https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.01.27.428443.
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