Effect of Seed Size and Density on Near-infrared Transmittance Analysis of Corn and Soybeans

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1995
Authors
Wu, Yanfang
Siska, Juraj
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Hurburgh, Charles
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Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

Since 1905, the Department of Agricultural Engineering, now the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (ABE), has been a leader in providing engineering solutions to agricultural problems in the United States and the world. The department’s original mission was to mechanize agriculture. That mission has evolved to encompass a global view of the entire food production system–the wise management of natural resources in the production, processing, storage, handling, and use of food fiber and other biological products.

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In 1905 Agricultural Engineering was recognized as a subdivision of the Department of Agronomy, and in 1907 it was recognized as a unique department. It was renamed the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering in 1990. The department merged with the Department of Industrial Education and Technology in 2004.

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1905–present

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  • Department of Agricultural Engineering (1907–1990)

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Abstract

Soybean physical and chemical properties changed by size (from 4.8 to 8.8 mm diameter), but soybean size and seed density did not affect the protein and oil determination accuracy of three near-infrared transmission analyzers. Corn samples were also separated by size and kernel density. Changes in corn kernel density and size introduced small errors in near-infrared transmission protein, oil, and starch measurements. In corn protein, the maximum error was about ±0.2% points. A robust calibration set is needed to eliminate the weak seed weight and density effects, as well as to support the corn density calibration for near-infrared analyzers.

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This article is from Applied Engineering in Agriculture 11 (1995): 677–684. Posted with permission.

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Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 1995
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