Digestible and metabolizable energy of crude glycerol for growing pigs

Date
2008-03-01
Authors
Lammers, P. J.
Kerr, B. J.
Webber, T. E.
Dozier, W. A.
Kidd, M. T.
Bregendahl, K.
Honeyman, Mark
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Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment StationAgricultural Education and StudiesAnimal ScienceISU Research Foundation
Abstract

The apparent DE and ME values of crude glycerol for growing pigs were determined in 5 experiments using crude glycerol (86.95% glycerol) from a biodiesel production facility, which used soybean oil as the initial feedstock. Dietary treatments were 0, 5, or 10% glycerol addition to basal diets in Exp. 1; 0, 5, 10, or 20% glycerol addition to basal diets in Exp. 2; and 0 and 10% crude glycerol addition to the basal diets in Exp. 3, 4, and 5. Each diet was fed twice daily to pigs in individual metabolism crates. After a 10-d adjustment period, a 5-d balance trial was conducted. During the collection period, feces and urine were collected separately after each meal and stored at 0°C until analyses. The GE of each dietary treatment and samples of urine and feces from each pig were determined by isoperibol bomb calorimetry. Digestible energy of the diet was calculated by subtracting fecal energy from the GE in the feed, whereas ME was calculated by subtracting the urinary energy from DE. The DE and ME values of crude glycerol were estimated as the slope of the linear relationship between either DE or ME intake from the experimental diet and feed intake. Among all experiments, the crude glycerol (86.95% glycerol) examined in this study was shown to have a DE of 3,344 ± 8 kcal/kg and an ME of 3,207 ± 10 kcal/kg, thereby providing a highly available energy source for growing pigs.

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The version of record: Lammers, P. J., B. J. Kerr, T. E. Weber, W. A. Dozier III, M. T. Kidd, K. Bregendahl, and M. S. Honeyman. "Digestible and metabolizable energy of crude glycerol for growing pigs." Journal of Animal Science 86, no. 3 (2008): 602-608. is available online at DOI: 10.2527/jas.2007-0453. Posted with permission.

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