Characteristics of Pesticide Use in a Pesticide Applicator Cohort: The Agricultural Health Study

dc.contributor.author Alavanja, Michael
dc.contributor.author Sandler, Dale
dc.contributor.author McDonnell, Cheryl
dc.contributor.author Lynch, Charles
dc.contributor.author Pennybacker, Margaret
dc.contributor.author Hoar Zahm, Shelia
dc.contributor.author Mage, David
dc.contributor.author Steen, William
dc.contributor.author Wintersteen, Wendy
dc.contributor.author Blair, Aaron
dc.contributor.department Entomology
dc.date 2018-02-19T03:53:48.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T02:24:10Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T02:24:10Z
dc.date.issued 1999-02-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Data on recent and historic pesticide use, pesticide application methods, and farm characteristics were collected from 35,879 restricted-use pesticide applicators in the first 2 years of the Agricultural Health Study, a prospective study of a large cohort of private and commercial licensed pesticide applicators that is being conducted in Iowa and North Carolina. (In Iowa, applicators are actually “certified,” while in North Carolina they are “licensed”; for ease of reference the term license will be used for both states in this paper.) Commercial applicators (studied in Iowa only) apply pesticides more days per year than private applicators in either state. When the types of pesticides being used by different groups are compared using the Spearman coefficient of determination (<em>r</em>2), we find that Iowa private and Iowa commercial applicators tend to use the same type of pesticides (<em>r</em>2=0.88). White and nonwhite private applicators tended to use the same type of pesticides (North Carolina<em>r</em>2=0.89), as did male and female private applicators (Iowa<em>r</em>2=0.85 and North Carolina<em>r</em>2=0.84). There was less similarity (<em>r</em>2=0.50) between the types of pesticides being used by Iowa and North Carolina private applicators. A greater portion of Iowa private applicators use personal protective equipment than do North Carolina private applicators, and pesticide application methods varied by state. This heterogeneity in potential exposures to pesticides between states should be useful for subsequent epidemiologic analyses using internal comparison groups.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Alavanja, Michael CR, Dale P. Sandler, Cheryl J. McDonnell, Charles F. Lynch, Margaret Pennybacker, Shelia Hoar Zahm, David T. Mage, William C. Steen, Wendy Wintersteen, and Aaron Blair. "Characteristics of pesticide use in a pesticide applicator cohort: the Agricultural Health Study." <em>Environmental research</em> 80, no. 2 (1999): 172-179. doi: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1006/enrs.1998.3888" target="_blank" title="Persistent link using digital object identifier">10.1006/enrs.1998.3888</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ent_pubs/430/
dc.identifier.articleid 1429
dc.identifier.contextkey 11114492
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ent_pubs/430
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/24055
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ent_pubs/430/1999_WintersteenCharacteristicPesticide.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:15:28 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1006/enrs.1998.3888
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Entomology
dc.subject.disciplines Environmental Studies
dc.subject.keywords pesticides
dc.subject.keywords occupational exposure
dc.subject.keywords cancers
dc.subject.keywords noncancer toxicity
dc.subject.keywords farmers
dc.title Characteristics of Pesticide Use in a Pesticide Applicator Cohort: The Agricultural Health Study
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 3241efd5-6d48-4185-8cc8-727b90fd9d59
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication f47c8cad-50be-4fb0-8870-902ff536748c
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