Pressure Induced Half-Collapsed-Tetragonal Phase in CaKFe4As4

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2017-10-02
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Kaluarachchi, Udhara
Taufour, Valentin
Sapkota, Aashish
Borisov, Vladislav
Kong, Tai
Meier, W.
Kothapalli, Karunakar
Ueland, Benjamin
Kreyssig, Andreas
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Canfield, Paul
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Goldman, Alan
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

For more than 70 years, the Ames National Laboratory has successfully partnered with Iowa State University, and is unique among the 17 DOE laboratories in that it is physically located on the campus of a major research university. Many of the scientists and administrators at the Laboratory also hold faculty positions at the University and the Laboratory has access to both undergraduate and graduate student talent.

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Physics and Astronomy
Physics and astronomy are basic natural sciences which attempt to describe and provide an understanding of both our world and our universe. Physics serves as the underpinning of many different disciplines including the other natural sciences and technological areas.
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We report the temperature-pressure phase diagram of CaKFe4As4 established using high-pressure electrical resistivity, magnetization, and high-energy x-ray diffraction measurements up to 6 GPa. With increasing pressure, both resistivity and magnetization data show that the bulk superconducting transition of CaKFe4As4 is suppressed and then disappears at p≳4 GPa. High-pressure x-ray data clearly indicate a phase transition to a collapsed tetragonal phase in CaKFe4As4 under pressure that coincides with the abrupt loss of bulk superconductivity near 4 GPa. The x-ray data, combined with resistivity data, indicate that the collapsed tetragonal transition line is essentially independent of pressure, occurring at 4.0(5) GPa for temperatures below 150 K. Density functional theory calculations also find a sudden transition to a collapsed tetragonal state near 4 GPa, as As-As bonding develops across the Ca layer. Bonding across the K layer only occurs for p≥12 GPa. These findings demonstrate a different type of collapsed tetragonal phase in CaKFe4As4 as compared to CaFe2As2: a half-collapsed tetragonal phase.

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