Urban Impoverishment and Multiple Modes of Livelihood in Ghana

dc.contributor.author Owusu, Francis
dc.contributor.author Owusu, Francis
dc.contributor.department Community and Regional Planning
dc.date 2018-02-14T20:51:15.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T01:29:45Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T01:29:45Z
dc.date.copyright Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2006
dc.date.embargo 2014-10-01
dc.date.issued 2001-10-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Many African countries experienced economic crisis in the 1970s and are currently restructuring their economies under the tutelage of the World Bank and the IMF. The restructuring process has had pervasive effects on the livelihood strategies of many people, as their established means of income generation have been disrupted. While survival of the urban poor has been studied, little is known of strategies of other social groups. Using Ghana as a case study, I argue that although urban poverty predates the implementation of structural adjustment program (SAP), the policies have created a favorable environment for the intensification of multiple livelihood strategies among of salaried employees. The paper finds that multiple livelihood strategies are practiced by a large number of salaried employees, but their involvement depends on many factors, including individual, family and household characteristics; access to capital and resources; opportunities offered by the urban economy; and the nature of formal employment.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This is the accepted version of the following article from <em>The Canadian Geographer </em>45(3), Fall 2001: 387-403.<em> </em>doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-0064.2001.tb01189.x" target="_blank">10.1111/j.1541-0064.2001.tb01189.x</a>, which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1541-0064.2001.tb01189.x/abstract.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/communityplanning_pubs/14/
dc.identifier.articleid 1004
dc.identifier.contextkey 6193131
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath communityplanning_pubs/14
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/16248
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/communityplanning_pubs/14/Canadian_Geographer_paper_Owusu.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 20:06:56 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1111/j.1541-0064.2001.tb01189.x
dc.subject.disciplines African Studies
dc.subject.disciplines Regional Economics
dc.subject.disciplines Urban, Community and Regional Planning
dc.subject.disciplines Urban Studies and Planning
dc.subject.keywords Economic reforms
dc.subject.keywords African urban economies
dc.subject.keywords multiple modes of livelihood
dc.title Urban Impoverishment and Multiple Modes of Livelihood in Ghana
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 89cad1dd-0d07-4067-a961-fe0e798c691f
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