Perspectives and challenges of on-site quantification of organic pollutants in soils using solid-phase microextraction

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2016-12-01
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Kenessov, Bulat
Bakaikina, Nadezhda
Orazbayeva, Dina
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Koziel, Jacek
Professor Emeritus
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Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

The Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering seeks to apply knowledge of the laws, forces, and materials of nature to the construction, planning, design, and maintenance of public and private facilities. The Civil Engineering option focuses on transportation systems, bridges, roads, water systems and dams, pollution control, etc. The Construction Engineering option focuses on construction project engineering, design, management, etc.

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The Department of Civil Engineering was founded in 1889. In 1987 it changed its name to the Department of Civil and Construction Engineering. In 2003 it changed its name to the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering.

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1889-present

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  • Department of Civil Engineering (1889-1987)
  • Department of Civil and Construction Engineering (1987-2003)
  • Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering (2003–present)

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Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering

Since 1905, the Department of Agricultural Engineering, now the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering (ABE), has been a leader in providing engineering solutions to agricultural problems in the United States and the world. The department’s original mission was to mechanize agriculture. That mission has evolved to encompass a global view of the entire food production system–the wise management of natural resources in the production, processing, storage, handling, and use of food fiber and other biological products.

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In 1905 Agricultural Engineering was recognized as a subdivision of the Department of Agronomy, and in 1907 it was recognized as a unique department. It was renamed the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering in 1990. The department merged with the Department of Industrial Education and Technology in 2004.

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1905–present

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  • Department of Agricultural Engineering (1907–1990)

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This study explores the current state-of-the-art progress toward on-site quantification of organic pollutants in soils with solid-phase microextraction (SPME). In spite of many available methods, only few publications report on-site analyses of soil samples by SPME. To date, the only application of SPME for the on-site quantification of organic pollutants in soil has been devoted to trichloroethylene. The problem of matrix effects limiting quantification by external standard calibration is discussed. Efficiencies of available approaches for decreasing and controlling matrix effects are evaluated and compared. SPME from a soil sample headspace with internal standard calibration was identified as one of the promising approaches to achieve fast, simple, precise, and accurate on-site quantification of a wide range of organic pollutants in soil. Cold-fiber SPME has a significant development potential, because it is capable of providing lowest detection limits together with a minimum matrix effect. Perspectives for future development of the field are outlined.

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This is a manuscript of an article published as Kenessov, Bulat, Jacek A. Koziel, Nadezhda V. Bakaikina, and Dina Orazbayeva. "Perspectives and challenges of on-site quantification of organic pollutants in soils using solid-phase microextraction." TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry 85 (2016): 111-122. DOI: 10.1016/j.trac.2016.04.007. Posted with permission.

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Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
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