Feeding dairy cows.
During the winter and spring of 1895 this station continued its work with dairy cows. Eight were selected from the college herds on January first 1895, with a view to their advance in period of lactation. They had dropped calves from September 10th to December 7th. There were four Holsteins, two Short-horns and two Jerseys. The cows were not selected as the best representatives of their respective breeds on the farm, but because they were free from the extremes of fresh cows or strippers and are fairly averages of their respective breeds. I desired to ascertain the quantity and quality of milk, butter and cheese made from turnips, mangels, sugar beets and red table beets; from feeding with roots and without them; from wet and dry fodder, and the effect of feeding bran on pasture. Observations extended over 189 days, including seventy-seven days on roots, forty-six days without roots, and sixty-six days observations on pasture, with, and without bran. There was a uniform foundation ration of hay, corn-fodder, bran, gluten meal, and oil meal fed during the first two periods until the cows went to grass. This foundation ration is well known to make good dairy products.