Retrieval Can Increase or Decrease Suggestibility Depending on How Memory is Tested: The Importance of Source Complexity Chan, Jason Wilford, Miko Chan, Jason Hughes, Katharine
dc.contributor.department Psychology 2018-02-15T18:59:39.000 2020-06-30T06:24:58Z 2020-06-30T06:24:58Z Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2012 2015-01-23 2012-07-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Taking an intervening test between learning episodes can enhance later source recollection. Paradoxically, testing can also increase people’s susceptibility to the <a>misinformation effect</a> – a finding termed retrieval-enhanced suggestibility (RES, <a href="" id="x-x-ancbb0040">Chan, Thomas, & Bulevich, 2009</a>). We conducted three experiments to examine this apparent contradiction. Experiment 1 extended the RES effect to a new set of materials. Experiments 2 and 3 showed that testing can produce opposite effects on memory suggestibility depending on the complexity of the source test. Specifically, retrieval facilitated source discriminations when the test contained only items with unique source origins. But when the source test included some items that had appeared in multiple sources, the intervening test actually increased source confusions. These results have implications for a wide variety of learning situations. We focused our discussion on <a>eyewitness memory</a>, source complexity, and <a>reconsolidation</a>.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Memory and Language. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Memory and Language, [67, 1, (2012)] DOI:<a href="" target="_blank">10.1016/j.jml.2012.02.006</a></p>
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dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 1017
dc.identifier.contextkey 6560568
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath psychology_pubs/16
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 20:50:51 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1016/j.jml.2012.02.006
dc.subject.disciplines Cognitive Psychology
dc.subject.disciplines Evidence
dc.subject.keywords eyewitness memory
dc.subject.keywords testing effect
dc.subject.keywords source monitoring
dc.subject.keywords source monitoring
dc.subject.keywords misleading information
dc.subject.keywords warning
dc.subject.keywords reconsolidation
dc.title Retrieval Can Increase or Decrease Suggestibility Depending on How Memory is Tested: The Importance of Source Complexity
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 6b21bbe1-e5e9-4996-9c20-866944f45210
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 796236b3-85a0-4cde-b154-31da9e94ed42
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