Demand for Genetic Resources and the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System

dc.contributor.author Rubenstein, Kelly
dc.contributor.author Widrlechner, Mark
dc.contributor.author Smale, Melinda
dc.contributor.author Widrlechner, Mark
dc.contributor.department North Central Regional Plant Introduction Station
dc.date 2018-02-13T14:15:38.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-30T06:10:46Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-30T06:10:46Z
dc.date.embargo 2013-09-13
dc.date.issued 2006-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Although genetic resources have strong public-goods characteristics, public genebanks often have struggled for adequate funding. A review of economic literature on the value of plant genetic resources indicated that more information is needed about germplasm use. The data compiled in this paper examine patterns of germplasm use for one of the world's largest national genebank networks, the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS). Data on 10 major crops, gathered directly from within the NPGS and from end-users, revealed patterns of usage for germplasm during the period from 1995 to 1999. Data were collected describing the characteristics of NPGS users, the types of germplasm requested, the purpose of requests, and, when applicable, the specific traits sought. From these findings, we estimated the utility of distributed materials, their secondary use, and projected future demand for NPGS resources. To explore relationships between the usefulness of germplasm samples and accompanying data in a more systematic fashion, we estimated a linear regression. The regression model suggests that accompanying data make germplasm more useful. We conclude that demand for NPGS resources was substantial and came from broad range of users. Utilization rates were higher than suggested by past studies. Countries with developing economies made greater use of NPGS resources, relatively speaking, than did countries with high-income economies. Finally, demand for NPGS resources is likely to increase, especially among users in countries with developing economies.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Crop Science</em> 46, no. 3 (2006): 1021–1031, doi:<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2005.0129" target="_blank">10.2135/cropsci2005.0129</a>.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ncrpis_pubs/35/
dc.identifier.articleid 1033
dc.identifier.contextkey 4586329
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath ncrpis_pubs/35
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/56014
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/ncrpis_pubs/35/PDF.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 23:43:16 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.2135/cropsci2005.0129
dc.subject.disciplines Agricultural Science
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Horticulture
dc.subject.disciplines Plant Breeding and Genetics
dc.subject.disciplines Plant Sciences
dc.subject.keywords Agronomy
dc.title Demand for Genetic Resources and the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication e7008109-4121-4167-803e-20e326fb668e
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8dcf3b33-db2f-46f8-8b80-20844d33fa84
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