Bayesian change-points detection assuming a power law process in the recurrent-event context

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Liu, Lijie
Li, Tianqi
Yao, Kehui
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Taylor & Francis
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Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering
The Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering teaches the design, analysis, and improvement of the systems and processes in manufacturing, consulting, and service industries by application of the principles of engineering. The Department of General Engineering was formed in 1929. In 1956 its name changed to Department of Industrial Engineering. In 1989 its name changed to the Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Systems Engineering.
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This article establishes a Bayesian framework to detect the number and values of change-points in the recurrent-event context with multiple sampling units, where the observation times of the sampling units can vary. The event counts are assumed to be a non-homogeneous Poisson process with the Weibull intensity function, that is, a power law process. We fit models with different numbers of change-points, use the Markov chain Monte Carlo method to sample from the posterior, and employ the Bayes factor for model selection. Simulation studies are conducted to check the estimation accuracy, precision, and model selection performance, as well as to compare the model selection performance of the Bayes factor and the deviance information criterion under different scenarios. The simulation studies show that the proposed methodology estimates the change-points and the power law process parameters with high accuracy and precision. The proposed framework is applied to two case studies and yields sensible results. The power law process is flexible and the proposed framework is practically useful in many fields—reliability analysis in engineering, pharmaceutical studies, and travel safety, to name a few.
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Communications in Statistics - Simulation and Computation on 08 Dec 2021. Available online at DOI: 10.1080/03610918.2021.2006711. Copyright 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC. Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). Posted with permission.