Spatio-temporal analysis of yield variability for a corn-soybean field in Iowa

dc.contributor.author Bakhsh, Allah
dc.contributor.author Jaynes, Dan
dc.contributor.author Kanwar, Rameshwar
dc.contributor.author Colvin, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Kanwar, Rameshwar
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-17T05:46:36.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:41:41Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:41:41Z
dc.date.issued 2000-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Spatio-temporal analyses of yield variability are required to delineate areas of stable yield patterns for application of precision farming techniques. Spatial structure and temporal stability patterns were studied using 1995- 1997 yield data for a 25-ha field located near Story City, Iowa. Corn was grown during 1995-1996, and soybean in 1997. The yield data were collected on nine east-west transects, consisting of 25 yield blocks per transect. The two components of yield variability, i.e., large-scale variation (trend) and small-scale variation, were studied using median polishing technique and variography, respectively. The trend surface, obtained from median polishing, accounted for the large-scale deterministic structure induced by treatments and landscape effects. After removal of trend from yield data, the resulting yield residuals were used to analyze the small-scale stochastic variability using variography. The variogram analysis showed strong spatial structure for the yield residuals. The spatial correlation lengths were found to vary from about 40 m for corn to about 90 m for soybean. The range parameter of the variograms showed a significant correlation coefficient of –0.95 with the cumulative growing season rainfall. The total variance of 1995 corn yield was partitioned as 56% trend, 37% small-scale stochastic structure, and 7% as an interaction of both. Yield variance of 1996 corn was about 80% trend and 20% small-scale stochastic structure. Contrary to corn years, the total yield variance for soybean in 1997 was partitioned as about 25% trend and about 75% small-scale stochastic structure. The significant negative correlation of range with rainfall shows that small-scale variability may be controlled by factors induced directly or indirectly by rainfall. More years of data are required to substantiate these relationships. The lack of temporal stability in large-scale and small-scale variation suggest that longer duration yield data analyses are required to understand and quantify the impact of various climatic, and management factors and their interaction with soil properties on delineation of areas under consistent yield patterns before applying variable rate technology.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article was published in Transactions of the ASAE. Vol. 43(1): 31-38, doi:<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/2013.2684" target="_blank">10.13031/2013.2684</a>.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/663/
dc.identifier.articleid 1959
dc.identifier.contextkey 7834495
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/663
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/1453
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/663/2000_Bakhsh_SpatiotemporalAnalysis.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 01:25:59 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.13031/2013.2684
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Yield variability
dc.subject.keywords Median polishing
dc.subject.keywords Semivariogram
dc.subject.keywords Precision farming
dc.title Spatio-temporal analysis of yield variability for a corn-soybean field in Iowa
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 5210e67e-b8da-4e17-be3f-843a09381196
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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