A Longitudinal Study of Racial Discrimination and Risk for Death Ideation in African American Youth

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2017-02-01
Authors
Walker, Rheeda
Francis, David
Brody, Gene
Simons, Ronald
Cutrona, Carolyn
Gibbons, Frederick
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Psychology
Abstract

Though multiple studies have found that African Americans commonly experience racial discrimination, available studies have yet to examine how perceived racism might be related to suicide vulnerability in African American youth. The purpose of this study was to examine a framework for how perceived racial discrimination contributes to symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as subsequent suicide ideation and morbid ideation. Data were obtained from 722 African American youth at mean age 10.56 years (SD=0.64); a second wave of data was obtained two years later. Results revealed both a direct effect and mediated effects of perceived racism on later suicide and morbid ideation. For boys and girls the effect of perceived racism was mediated by symptoms of depression. However, the association was mediated by anxiety for girls, but not for boys in the current sample. Implications for future research and intervention are discussed.

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This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Walker, Rheeda, David Francis, Gene Brody, Ronald Simons, Carolyn Cutrona, and Frederick Gibbons. "A longitudinal study of racial discrimination and risk for death ideation in African American youth." Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior 47, no. 1 (2017): 86-102, which has been published in final form at doi: 10.1111/sltb.12251. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.

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Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016
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