Effect of water-to-binder ratio, air content, and type of cementitious materials on fresh and hardened properties of binary and ternary blended concrete
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of water-to-binder ratio (w/b), air content, and type of cementitious material on the fresh and hardened properties of binary and ternary blended concrete mixtures in pavements. This experimental program prepared a total matrix of 54 mixtures with w/b of 0.40 and 0.45; nominal air content of 2, 4, and 8%; and three types of supplementary cementitious materials and one ordinary portland cement in different combinations. Binder systems included ordinary portland cement, binary mixtures with slag cement, Classes F and C fly ash, and ternary mixtures containing a combination of slag cement and one type of fly ash.Workability, total air content, air void system parameters (i.e., spacing factor and specific surface) in fresh concrete, setting time, compressive strength, surface resistivity, and shrinkage were determined. Test results showed that ternary mixtures followed the trends of their constituent materials. Binary and ternary mixtures containing Class C fly ash and slag cement exhibited higher compressive strength than the control mixture. The surface resistivity and shrinkage results of binary and ternary mixtures were equal to or improved over the control mixture.
This is a manuscript of an article from Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering 26 (2014): article no. 04014002, doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0000900. Posted with permission.