Transposon Ac/Ds -induced chromosomal rearrangements at the rice OsRLG5 locus

Xuan, Yuan Hu
Piao, Hai Long
Je, Byoung Il
Peterson, Thomas
Park, Soon Ju
Huang, Jin
Zhang, Jian Bo
Peterson, Thomas
Han, Chang-deok
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Previous studies have shown that pairs of closely-linked Ac/Ds transposable elements can induce various chromosomal rearrangements in plant genomes. To study chromosomal rearrangements in rice, we isolated a line ( OsRLG5-161) that contains two inversely-oriented Ds insertions in OsRLG5 ( Oryza sativa Receptor like kinase Gene 5). Among approximately 300 plants regenerated from OsRLG5-161 heterozygous seeds, 107 contained rearrangements including deletions, duplications and inversions of various sizes. Most rearrangements were induced by previously identified alternative transposition mechanism. Furthermore, we also detected a new class of rearrangements that contain juxtaposed inversions and deletions on the same chromosome. We propose that these novel alleles were generated by a previously unreported type of alternative transposition reactions involving the 5′ and 3′ termini of two inversely-oriented Ds elements located on the same chromatid. Finally, 11% of rearrangements contained inversions resulting from homologous recombination between the two inverted Ds elements in OsRLG5-161 . The high frequency inheritance and great variety of rearrangements obtained suggests that the rice regeneration system results in a burst of transposition activity and a relaxation of the controls which normally limit the transposition competence of individual Ds termini. Together, these results demonstrate a greatly enlarged potential of the Ac/Ds system for plant chromosome engineering.

<p>This article is from <em>Nucleic Acids Research </em>39 (2011): e149, doi: <a href="">10.1093/nar/gkr718</a>. Posted with permission.</p>