Early-age hydration characteristics and kinetics of Portland cement pastes with super low w/c ratios using ice particles as mixing water

Date
2020-07
Authors
Wang, Kejin
Mingxu, Chen
Guo, Xiangyang
Lu, Lingchao
Wang, Shoude
Cheng, Xin
Wang, Kejin
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Elsevier B.V.
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Wang, Kejin
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Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Abstract
The liquid water was replaced by ice particles for preparing homogenous structural Portland cement (PC) pastes at super low w/c ratios from 0.08 to 0.16. For introducing the process of PC hydration, a sophisticated conduction calorimeter was adopted to measure the early-age hydration heat evolution. The hydration kinetic parameters were determined by Krstulovic–Dabic model based on data of hydration heat evolution. The concentrations of K+ and Na+ of the pore solution were measured by ICP-OES. Experimental results showed that the acceleration period of the hydration process of PC paste was improved by increasing w/c ratio due to the improvement of space available for hydration product growth. The hydration mechanism of PC paste changed to nucleation and crystal growth (NG) - diffusion (D) when its w/c ratio below 0.16, representing a more intense hydration reaction than that of PC with a normal w/c ratio of 0.30. The concentrations of K+ and Na+ of pore solution of hydrated PC paste decreased with the increase of w/c ratios, which led to the alkalinity of that decreased with the increase of w/c ratios. In addition, the mechanical properties of hardened PC pastes were enhanced by increasing w/c ratios from 0.08 to 0.16, which could be attributed to the decrease of porosities of hardened pastes.
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This article is published as Li, Laibo, Mingxu Chen, Xiangyang Guo, Lingchao Lu, Shoude Wang, Xin Cheng, and Kejin Wang. "Early-age hydration characteristics and kinetics of Portland cement pastes with super low w/c ratios using ice particles as mixing water." Journal of Materials Research and Technology 9, no. 4 (2020): 8407-8428. DOI: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.05.082. Copyright 2020 The Author(s). Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Posted with permission.
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Keywords
Portland cement, Super low w/c ratios, Early-age hydration, Mechanical properties
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