Pilot Study of Examining the Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning (CL) vs. Individualistic Learning (IL) in Fashion Illustration Class
Cooperative learning (CL) is the “instructional use of small groups so that students work together to maximize their own and each other’s learning” (Johnson, Johnson, & Holubec, 1993 p.6). CL improves students’ academic achievements more than individualistic learning (IL) when correctly implemented (Felder, 1995). CL as one of approaches of active learning (Keyser, 2000) is widely used in many disciplines; however, it is rarely used in drawing curriculum which is generally individualized. Thus, the purposes of this pilot study were to: (a) fill in the gap and determine whether CL could improve the quality of apparel design students’ works, (b) compare CL and IL teaching methods in a fashion illustration course.