Sodium and potassium intakes among US adults: NHANES 2003–2008

dc.contributor.author Cogswell, Mary
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Zefeng
dc.contributor.author Carriquiry, Alicia
dc.contributor.author Carriquiry, Alicia
dc.contributor.author Gunn, Janelle
dc.contributor.author Kuklina, Elena
dc.contributor.author Sayday, Sharon
dc.contributor.author Yang, Quanhe
dc.contributor.author Moshfegh, Alanna
dc.contributor.department Statistics
dc.date 2018-02-17T06:23:38.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-07-02T06:57:50Z
dc.date.available 2020-07-02T06:57:50Z
dc.date.issued 2012-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Background: The American Heart Association (AHA), Institute of Medicine (IOM), and US Departments of Health and Human Services and Agriculture (USDA) Dietary Guidelines for Americans all recommend that Americans limit sodium intake and choose foods that contain potassium to decrease the risk of hypertension and other adverse health outcomes. Objective: We estimated the distributions of usual daily sodium and potassium intakes by sociodemographic and health characteristics relative to current recommendations. Design: We used 24-h dietary recalls and other data from 12,581 adults aged $20 y who participated in NHANES in 2003–2008. Estimates of sodium and potassium intakes were adjusted for withinindividual day-to-day variation by using measurement error models. SEs and 95% CIs were assessed by using jackknife replicate weights. Results: Overall, 99.4% (95% CI: 99.3%, 99.5%) of US adults consumed more sodium daily than recommended by the AHA (,1500 mg), and 90.7% (89.6%, 91.8%) consumed more than the IOM Tolerable Upper Intake Level (2300 mg). In US adults who are recommended by the Dietary Guidelines to further reduce sodium intake to 1500 mg/d (ie, African Americans aged $51 y or persons with hypertension, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease), 98.8% (98.4%, 99.2%) overall consumed .1500 mg/d, and 60.4% consumed .3000 mg/d—more than double the recommendation. Overall, ,2% of US adults and w5% of US men consumed $4700 mg K/d (ie, met recommendations for potassium). Conclusion: Regardless of recommendations or sociodemographic or health characteristics, the vast majority of US adults consume too much sodium and too little potassium.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>American Journal of Clinical Nutrition</em> 96 (2012): 647, doi: <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.112.034413" target="_blank">10.3945/ajcn.112.034413</a>.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/stat_las_pubs/39/
dc.identifier.articleid 1034
dc.identifier.contextkey 7857887
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath stat_las_pubs/39
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/90636
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/stat_las_pubs/39/2012_CarriquiryAL_SodiumPotassiumIntakes.pdf|||Fri Jan 14 23:54:48 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.3945/ajcn.112.034413
dc.subject.disciplines Public Health
dc.subject.disciplines Statistics and Probability
dc.subject.keywords potassium
dc.subject.keywords sodium
dc.subject.keywords blood pressure measurement
dc.subject.keywords body mass
dc.subject.keywords chronic kidney disease
dc.subject.keywords diabetes mellitus
dc.subject.keywords hypertension
dc.subject.keywords NHANES
dc.subject.keywords nutritional assessment
dc.subject.keywords nutritional health
dc.subject.keywords diet surveys
dc.subject.keywords health promotion
dc.title Sodium and potassium intakes among US adults: NHANES 2003–2008
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 6ddd5891-2ad0-4a93-89e5-8c35c28b0de4
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 264904d9-9e66-4169-8e11-034e537ddbca
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