Pilot-scale testing of renewable biocatalyst for swine manure treatment and mitigation of odorous VOCs, ammonia and hydrogen sulfide emissions

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2017-02-01
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Maurer, Devin
Maurer, Devin
Koziel, Jacek
Bruning, Kelsey
Koziel, Jacek
Parker, David
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Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
Abstract

Comprehensive control of odors, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), ammonia (NH3), and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with swine production is a critical need. A pilot-scale experiment was conducted to evaluate surface-applied soybean peroxidase (SBP) and calcium peroxide (CaO2) as a manure additive to mitigate emissions of odorous volatile organic compounds (VOC) including dimethyl disulfide/methanethiol (DMDS/MT), dimethyl trisulfide, n-butyric acid, valeric acid, isovaleric acid, p-cresol, indole, and skatole. The secondary impact on emissions of NH3, H2S, and GHG was also measured. The SBP was tested at four treatments (2.28–45.7 kg/m2 manure) with CaO2(4.2% by weight of SBP) over 137 days. Significant reductions in VOC emissions were observed: DMDS/MT (36.2%–84.7%), p-cresol (53.1%–89.5%), and skatole (63.2%–92.5%). There was a corresponding significant reduction in NH3 (14.6%–67.6%), and significant increases in the greenhouse gases CH4 (32.7%–232%) and CO2 (20.8%–124%). The remaining emissions (including N2O) were not statistically different. At a cost relative to 0.8% of a marketed hog it appears that SBP/CaO2 treatment could be a promising option at the lowest (2.28 kg/m2) treatment rate for reducing odorous gas and NH3 emissions at swine operations, and field-scale testing is warranted.

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This article is from Atmospheric Environment 150 (2017): 313–321, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.11.021.

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