The Use of Attractants to Stimulate Neonatal Piglet Interest in Rope Enrichment Sundman, Emiline Gabler, Nicholas Millman, Suzanne T. Stalder, Kenneth J. Karriker, Locke A. Johnson, Anna K.
dc.contributor.department Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine
dc.contributor.department Animal Science
dc.contributor.department Biomedical Sciences 2022-01-25T16:27:07Z 2022-01-25T16:27:07Z 2022-01-17
dc.description.abstract In the United States swine industry, preweaning mortality represents the highest mortality rate of any production phase, nearly half attributed to crushing. The overarching aim of this study was to determine if enrichment ropes would entice neonatal piglets away from the sow and reduce preweaning mortality. Rope enrichments were provided to 161 piglets from 26 sows after farrowing. Ropes were dipped in sunflower oil (n = 7), semiochemical (n = 8), or milky cheese (n = 11). Piglet purposeful rope investigations, weight gain, and mortality were recorded. On Day 2, 75% of piglets touched the enrichment at least once, and frequency ranged from 1 to 21 investigations across all treatments. Frequency (p = 0.20) and duration (p = 0.21) of investigations were not affected by treatment. Preweaning litter average weight gain did not differ between treatments (p = 0.71). MC (milky cheese) piglets had the lowest percent mortality when the enrichment ropes were present (Days 2 to 5, p = 0.01), and SC (semiochemical) piglets had the lowest percent mortality after the enrichment ropes were removed (Days 6 to weaning, p < 0.0001). This proof-of-concept study highlights the potential value of neonatal piglet environmental enrichment.
dc.description.comments This article is published as Sundman, Emiline R., Nicholas K. Gabler, Suzanne T. Millman, Kenneth J. Stalder, Locke A. Karriker, and Anna K. Johnson. "The Use of Attractants to Stimulate Neonatal Piglet Interest in Rope Enrichment." Animals 12, no. 2 (2022): 211. DOI: 10.3390/ani12020211. Copyright 2022 the Author(s). Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0). Posted with permission.
dc.language.iso en_US
dc.publisher MDPI
dc.source.uri *
dc.subject environmental enrichment
dc.subject piglet
dc.subject livability
dc.subject attractants
dc.subject neonate
dc.subject preweaning mortality
dc.subject crushing
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Medicine and Health Sciences::Veterinary Medicine::Large or Food Animal and Equine Medicine
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Life Sciences::Animal Sciences
dc.title The Use of Attractants to Stimulate Neonatal Piglet Interest in Rope Enrichment
dc.type Article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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