Concentrations and Size Distributions of Airborne Particulate Matter and Bacteria in an Experimental Aviary Laying-Hen Chamber

dc.contributor.author Gates, Richard
dc.contributor.author Xin, Hongwei
dc.contributor.author Zheng, Weichao
dc.contributor.author Zhao, Yang
dc.contributor.author Xin, Hongwei
dc.contributor.author Li, Baoming
dc.contributor.author Soupir, Michelle
dc.contributor.author Gates, Richard
dc.contributor.author Zhang, Yuanhui
dc.contributor.author Soupir, Michelle
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-13T19:28:58.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:39:57Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:39:57Z
dc.date.copyright Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2013
dc.date.embargo 2013-01-10
dc.date.issued 2013-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>High levels of airborne particulate matter (PM) and bacteria may exist in animal housing, which can be detrimental to the health of animals and workers. The sizes of these bioaerosols determine their aerial transport behaviors and depositions in the respiratory tracts of animals and humans. However, little is known regarding the size distribution of airborne PM and bacteria in livestock houses, especially in alternative animal housing systems that aim to enhance animal welfare, such as aviary hen-housing systems. The study reported here was therefore conducted to characterize the concentrations and size distributions of airborne bacteria (in count) and PM (both in count and in mass) in a pilot-scale aviary laying-hen chamber. Thirty-four laying hens were kept in the environmentally controlled aviary chamber (L × W × H = 2.2 × 2.3 × 2.4 m) for three months. The hens were given a 16L:8D photoperiod (lights on at 6:00 h and off at 22:00 h) and access to the litter floor from 12:00 h to 22:00 h daily. Airborne bacteria and PM were simultaneously sampled for 15 min at 1.5 m above the litter floor every fourth day at 5:45 h, 9:45 h, 13:45 h, 17:45 h, and 21:45 h. Concentrations of airborne bacteria at six size ranges (0.65 to 1.1 µm, 1.1 to 2.1 µm, 2.1 to 3.3 µm, 3.3 to 4.7 µm, 4.7 to 7.1 µm, and >7.1 µm) and PM concentrations (0.523 to 20.535 µm) were determined. The daily mean (±SD) concentrations of PM count, PM mass, and airborne bacteria were 1.70 (±0.66) × 10<sup>7</sup> particles m<sup>-3</sup>, 1.12 (±0.47) mg m<sup>-3</sup>, and 3.39 (±2.38) × 10<sup>5</sup> cfu m<sup>-3</sup>, respectively. Concentrations of airborne PM and bacteria during the litter-access period (12:00 to 22:00 h) were significantly higher than those during the rest of the day when the hens were off the floor (p < 0.05). Median diameter and geometric standard deviation (GSD) for the PM count (0.523 to 20.535 µm) were 2.11 and 2.34 µm, respectively. Median diameter and GSD for the PM mass (0.523 to 20.535 µm) were 7.45 and 4.58 µm, respectively. PM <10 µm accounted for more than 95% of the total PM count, whereas PM >2.5 µm accounted for more than 90% of the total PM mass, in the size range of 0.523 to 20.535 µm. The majority (>95%) of the airborne bacteria were carried by particles >3.3 µm. Airborne bacteria count concentration was positively related to PM mass concentration (p < 0.05) with a slope of 3.84 (±2.70) × 10<sup>5</sup> cfu mg<sup>-1</sup> PM. Results of the study are useful for improving understanding of transport behaviors of aerosols in aviary hen systems, assessing potential respiratory risks to humans and animals, and exploring mitigation techniques.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <em>Transactions of the ASABE</em> 56 (2013): 1493–1501, doi:<a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.13031/trans.56.10273" target="_blank">10.13031/trans.56.10273</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/451/
dc.identifier.articleid 1735
dc.identifier.contextkey 4980736
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/451
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/1219
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/451/2013_ZhengW_ConcentrationsSizeDistributions.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:20:43 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.13031/trans.56.10273
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.keywords Airborne bacteria
dc.subject.keywords Cage-free
dc.subject.keywords Particulate matter
dc.subject.keywords Size distribution
dc.title Concentrations and Size Distributions of Airborne Particulate Matter and Bacteria in an Experimental Aviary Laying-Hen Chamber
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication a61fa792-56f2-4397-8a9c-8cbde8d5c3f1
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 36e0a8ce-fa2e-4df4-9f67-8d1717122650
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 04becbfb-7a97-4d96-a0dd-5514295530ee
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 8eb24241-0d92-4baf-ae75-08f716d30801
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