Genome sequence of the metazoan plant-parasitic nematode Meloidogyne incognita

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2008-08-01
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Abad, Pierre
Gouzy, Jérôme
Aury, Jean-Marc
Castagnone-Sereno, Philippe
Danchin, Etienne
Deleury, Emeline
Perfus-Barbeoch, Laetitia
Anthouard, Véronique
Artiguenave, Francois
Blok, Vivian
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Baum, Thomas
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Plant Pathology and Microbiology
The Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology and the Department of Entomology officially merged as of September 1, 2022. The new department is known as the Department of Plant Pathology, Entomology, and Microbiology (PPEM). The overall mission of the Department is to benefit society through research, teaching, and extension activities that improve pest management and prevent disease. Collectively, the Department consists of about 100 faculty, staff, and students who are engaged in research, teaching, and extension activities that are central to the mission of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. The Department possesses state-of-the-art research and teaching facilities in the Advanced Research and Teaching Building and in Science II. In addition, research and extension activities are performed off-campus at the Field Extension Education Laboratory, the Horticulture Station, the Agriculture Engineering/Agronomy Farm, and several Research and Demonstration Farms located around the state. Furthermore, the Department houses the Plant and Insect Diagnostic Clinic, the Iowa Soybean Research Center, the Insect Zoo, and BugGuide. Several USDA-ARS scientists are also affiliated with the Department.
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Plant-parasitic nematodes are major agricultural pests worldwide and novel approaches to control them are sorely needed. We report the draft genome sequence of the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita, a biotrophic parasite of many crops, including tomato, cotton and coffee. Most of the assembled sequence of this asexually reproducing nematode, totaling 86 Mb, exists in pairs of homologous but divergent segments. This suggests that ancient allelic regions in M. incognita are evolving toward effective haploidy, permitting new mechanisms of adaptation. The number and diversity of plant cell wall–degrading enzymes in M. incognita is unprecedented in any animal for which a genome sequence is available, and may derive from multiple horizontal gene transfers from bacterial sources. Our results provide insights into the adaptations required by metazoans to successfully parasitize immunocompetent plants, and open the way for discovering new antiparasitic strategies.

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This article is published as Abad, Pierre, Jérôme Gouzy, Jean-Marc Aury, Philippe Castagnone-Sereno, Etienne GJ Danchin, Emeline Deleury, Laetitia Perfus-Barbeoch et al. "Genome sequence of the metazoan plant-parasitic nematode Meloidogyne incognita." Nature biotechnology 26, no. 8 (2008): 909-915, doi: 10.1038/nbt.1482. Posted with permission.

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Tue Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2008
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