Atomic-Level Structure of Mesoporous Hexagonal Boron Nitride Determined by High-Resolution Solid-State Multinuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Density Functional Theory Calculations

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Dorn, Rick
Heintz, Patrick M.
Hung, Ivan
Chen, Kuizhi
Oh, Jin-Su
Kim, Tae-Hoon
Zhou, Lin
Gan, Zhehong
Huang, Wenyu
Rossini, Aaron
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Iowa State University Digital Repository, Ames IA (United States)
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ChemistryAmes Laboratory
Mesoporous hexagonal boron nitride (p-BN) has received significant attention over the last decade as a promising candidate for water cleaning/pollutant removal and hydrogen storage applications. Here, high-resolution solid-state NMR spectroscopy and plane-wave density-functional theory (DFT) calculations are used to obtain an atomic-level description of p-BN. 1H–15N or 1H–14N heteronuclear (HETCOR) correlation experiments recorded with either conventional NMR at room temperature or dynamic nuclear polarization surface-enhanced spectroscopy (DNP-SENS) at ca. 100 K reveal NB2H, NBH2, NBH3+ species residing on the edges of BN sheets. Ultra-high field 35.2 T 11B NMR spectroscopy was used to resolve 11B NMR signals from BN3, BN2Ox(OH)1–x (x = 0–1), BNOx(OH)2–x (x = 0–2), BOx(OH)3–x (x = 0–3), and BOx(OH)4–x– (x = 0–4). Importantly, 2D 11B dipolar double-quantum–single-quantum homonuclear correlation spectra reveal that many pore/defect sites are composed of boron oxide/hydroxide clusters connected to the BN framework through BN2O units. 1D and 2D 11B{15N} HETCOR NMR experiments, in addition to plane-wave DFT calculations of nine different structural models, further confirm the assignment of all NMR signals. The detailed structure determination of the pore and edge/defect sites within p-BN should further enable the rational design and development of next-generation p-BN-based materials. In addition, the techniques outlined here should be applicable to determine structure within other porous and/or boron-based materials.
This document is the unedited Author’s version of a Submitted Work that was subsequently accepted for publication in Chemistry of Materials, copyright © 2022 American Chemical Society after peer review. To access the final edited and published work see DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.1c03791. Posted with permission. DOE Contract Number(s): AC02-07CH11358; NSF/DMR-1644779
Carbon, Boron, Quantum mechanics, Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Materials