Institutional Impact of GATT: An Examination of Market Integration and Efficiency in the World Beef and Wheat Market under the GATT Regime

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1999-04-01
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Fabiosa, Jacinto
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Center for Agricultural and Rural Development

The Center for Agricultural and Rural Development (CARD) conducts innovative public policy and economic research on agricultural, environmental, and food issues. CARD uniquely combines academic excellence with engagement and anticipatory thinking to inform and benefit society.

CARD researchers develop and apply economic theory, quantitative methods, and interdisciplinary approaches to create relevant knowledge. Communication efforts target state and federal policymakers; the research community; agricultural, food, and environmental groups; individual decision-makers; and international audiences.

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Many studies have been done concerning the impact of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) on economic activities such as production, consumptions trade, and prices. This study examines whether GATT reforms improved market integration and efficiency using the beef and wheat markets as specific cases. Whereas earlier studies specified general or partial equilibrium structure in their models, this study uses time series methods with minimum structural specification. The author suggests there is consistent evidence that GATT reforms promoted market integration and improved market efficiency.

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