Metallic Glass Instability Induced by the Continuous Dislocation Absorption at an Amorphous/Crystalline Interface

Date
2020-02-29
Authors
Phan, Thanh
Ji, Rigelesaiyin
Chen, Youping
Bastawros, Ashraf
Xiong, Liming
Bastawros, Ashraf
Major Professor
Advisor
Committee Member
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Altmetrics
Authors
Research Projects
Organizational Units
Aerospace Engineering
Organizational Unit
Ames Laboratory
Organizational Unit
Mechanical Engineering
Organizational Unit
Journal Issue
Series
Department
Aerospace EngineeringAmes LaboratoryMechanical EngineeringMaterials Science and Engineering
Abstract

An amorphous/crystalline metallic composite (A/C-MC) integrates metallic glass with crystalline metals in one system. The amorphous-crystalline interface (ACI) in A/C-MCs under deformation absorbs dislocations and may fundamentally change the dilemma that the strength comes at the expense of the ductility of a material. However, the development of such materials is still at a trial and error stage due to the lack of a clear-cut understanding on how the amorphous component become instable when a dislocation-mediated plasticity flows into the glassy phases. To meet this need, here we focus on gaining the physical insights into the dislocation-ACI reaction in A/C-MCs through atomistic simulations. We have (i) digitally resembled an interface structure close to that in experiments by annealing melted metallic glasses at cooling rates as low as  ∼ 104 K/s; (ii) correlated the dislocation absorption events with the activation of shear transformation zones (STZs) in A/C-MCs under a plastic shear; (iii) identified the mechanisms responsible for a continuous dislocation absorption-induced instability in glassy phases; (iv) calibrated a set of constitutive relations, kinetic rules, and model parameters that can be used in an effective temperature concept-based STZ theories at the continuum level; and (v) characterized the local stress states ahead of the instability band and lay the macroscopic-level glass instability criterion on a firm atomistic basis. Our major findings are: (a) there exists a nanoscale structure transition at the ACI when the cooling rate in the atomistic simulations is reduced to an experimentally-comparable level; (b) the number of atoms participating in the STZs exponentially increases with the number of dislocations arriving at the ACI at an early stage of the dislocation-ACI reaction, but is linearly proportional to the number of absorbed dislocations at a later stage; (c) the dislocation absorption-induced instability in metallic glasses occurs through a three-stage process, i.e., the activation of STZs in the region between icosahedral (ICO) clusters, the coalescence of newly formed STZs, and then the breakdown of ICOs; (d) the model parameters in the continuum-level constitutive relations and kinetic rules are found to be sensitive to cooling rates; and (e) the local stress states ahead of the instability band in glassy phases map surprisingly well with the Mohr-Coulomb criterion regardless of the applied stress at the macroscopic level. The gained knowledge may provide a pathway of connecting the atomistic deformation physics of an A/C-MC with its overall mechanical performance, which is currently difficult to achieve in laboratory experiments.

Comments

This is a manuscript of an article published as Phan, Thanh, Ji Rigelesaiyin, Youping Chen, Ashraf Bastawros, and Liming Xiong. "Metallic Glass Instability Induced by the Continuous Dislocation Absorption at an Amorphous/Crystalline Interface." Acta Materialia (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2020.02.038. Posted with permission.

Description
Keywords
Citation
DOI
Collections