A Model-based, Bayesian Solution for Characterization of Complex Damage Scenarios in AerospaceComposite Structures

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2016-01-01
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Reed, Heather
Harvey, Gerald
Dobson, Jeff
Leckeyk, Cara
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Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation
Center for Nondestructive Evaluation

Begun in 1973, the Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE) is the premier international NDE meeting designed to provide an interface between research and early engineering through the presentation of current ideas and results focused on facilitating a rapid transfer to engineering development.

This site provides free, public access to papers presented at the annual QNDE conference between 1983 and 1999, and abstracts for papers presented at the conference since 2001.

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Abstract

Ultrasonic damage detection and characterization is commonly used in nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of aerospace composite components. In real materials and structures, the dispersive wavesresult in complicated behavior in the presence of complex damage scenarios. Model-based characterization methods utilize accurate three dimensional finite element models(FEMs), using PZFlex, of guided wave interaction with realistic damage scenariosto aid in defect identification & classification. This work builds on the results and methods in [1] and describes an inverse solution for realistic composite damage characterization by comparing the wavenumber- frequency spectra of experimental and simulated UT inspections. The FEM is parameterized with the damage model described in a companion presentation [2], capable of describing the complex damage typical of low impact strikesin composites (Figure 1). The damage is characterized through a stochastic solution, enabling uncertainty quantification surrounding the characterization. Typical Bayesian methods, such as Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC), are computationally costly and cannot be easily parallelized. In this work, we present a Sequential Monte Carlo (SMC) scheme in which the complex damage parameterization is formulated as a set of random variables, propagated using importance sampling and MCMC-based rejuvenation mechanismsto characterize the composite damage and quantify the uncertainty surrounding those estimates. SMC enables increasing FEM fidelity during the solution, allowing for fast optimal global localization and subsequent damage characterization refinement.

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