Effects of fungicide seed treatments and a winter cereal rye cover crop in no till on the seedling disease complex in corn

dc.contributor.author Robertson, Alison
dc.contributor.author Acharya, Jyotsna
dc.contributor.author Bakker, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Moorman, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Kaspar, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Lenssen, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Lenssen, Andrew
dc.contributor.author Robertson, Alison
dc.contributor.department Plant Pathology and Microbiology
dc.contributor.department Agronomy
dc.date 2019-02-03T10:00:23.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T23:06:12Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T23:06:12Z
dc.date.issued 2018-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Corn seed is treated with various fungicide active ingredients that target several fungal and oomycete genera in the corn seedling disease complex. In this study, we investigated the effects of various combinations of fungicides as seed treatments on disease development, pathogen prevalence and seedling growth of corn planted after a winter cereal rye cover crop or a winter fallow. Under controlled environment conditions, corn seed was treated with a combination of metalaxyl, pyraclostrobin, fludioxonil, ipconazole and sedaxane to reduce infection by <em>Pythium</em>, <em>Fusarium</em> and <em>Rhizoctonia solani</em> (treatment ALL); metalaxyl alone to reduce <em>Pythium</em> (P); metalaxyl and pyraclostrobin to reduce <em>Fusarium</em> and <em>Pythium</em> (FP); pyraclostrobin, fludioxonil, ipconazole and sedaxane to reduce <em>Fusarium</em> and <em>R. solani</em> (FR); and non-treated seed control (NT). Complementary field trials compared the ALL seed treatment against NT, with and without winter cereal rye. Under cold, wet environmental conditions, winter cereal rye negatively affected corn seedling growth and increased seedling root disease and <em>Pythium</em> incidence. In general, seed treatments improved seed germination and seedling growth (P < 0.05) in controlled environment conditions. Seed treatments active against <em>Pythium</em> spp. (i.e. P, FP and ALL) reduced radicle disease index scores (P < 0.01) compared with FR and NT. <em>Pythium</em> spp. were recovered less frequently from corn seedlings planted after winter cereal rye when treated with P, FP and ALL compared with FR and NT. No seed treatment effect was detected on the recovery of <em>Fusarium</em> spp. In the field, no effect of a fungicide seed treatment was detected on corn seedling growth or root disease incidence following winter cereal rye. Mesocotyl disease incidence, however, was reduced when using a fungicide treatment in 2014. These data suggest that <em>Pythium</em> species play a major role in the corn seedling disease complex following a winter cereal rye cover crop. Consequently, disease management in corn systems that include a winter cereal rye cover crop should explicitly consider <em>Pythium </em>spp.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Acharya, Jyotsna, Matthew G. Bakker, Thomas B. Moorman, Thomas C. Kaspar, Andrew W. Lenssen, and Alison E. Robertson. "Effects of fungicide seed treatments and a winter cereal rye cover crop in no till on the seedling disease complex in corn." <em>Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology</em> 40, no. 4 (2018): 481-497. doi: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/07060661.2018.1506503">10.1080/07060661.2018.1506503</a>.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_pubs/564/
dc.identifier.articleid 1605
dc.identifier.contextkey 13625734
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath agron_pubs/564
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/4932
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/agron_pubs/564/2018_Lenssen_EffectsFungicide.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 00:57:44 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.1080/07060661.2018.1506503
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Agronomy and Crop Sciences
dc.subject.disciplines Plant Pathology
dc.subject.keywords fungicide
dc.subject.keywords Fusarium
dc.subject.keywords Pythium
dc.subject.keywords rye cover crop
dc.subject.keywords seedling disease
dc.subject.keywords seed treatment
dc.title Effects of fungicide seed treatments and a winter cereal rye cover crop in no till on the seedling disease complex in corn
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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