Monitoring and Modeling of Soil Thermal and Hydraulic Behavior Beneath a Granular-Surfaced Roadway

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Genc, Derya
Cetin, Bora
Cetin, Kristen
Mahedi, Masrur
Major Professor
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Ashlock, Jeramy
Associate Professor
Horton, Robert
Distinguished Professor
Ceylan, Halil
Professor Professor
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Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

The Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering seeks to apply knowledge of the laws, forces, and materials of nature to the construction, planning, design, and maintenance of public and private facilities. The Civil Engineering option focuses on transportation systems, bridges, roads, water systems and dams, pollution control, etc. The Construction Engineering option focuses on construction project engineering, design, management, etc.

The Department of Civil Engineering was founded in 1889. In 1987 it changed its name to the Department of Civil and Construction Engineering. In 2003 it changed its name to the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering.

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  • Department of Civil Engineering (1889-1987)
  • Department of Civil and Construction Engineering (1987-2003)
  • Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering (2003–present)

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The Department of Agronomy seeks to teach the study of the farm-field, its crops, and its science and management. It originally consisted of three sub-departments to do this: Soils, Farm-Crops, and Agricultural Engineering (which became its own department in 1907). Today, the department teaches crop sciences and breeding, soil sciences, meteorology, agroecology, and biotechnology.

The Department of Agronomy was formed in 1902. From 1917 to 1935 it was known as the Department of Farm Crops and Soils.

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Historical Names

  • Department of Farm Crops and Soils (1917–1935)

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Annual freeze–thaw cycles reduce the overall performance and ride quality of granular-surfaced roadways by causing significant damage in the roadbed system during spring thaw periods. The severity of the damage depends on the subgrade properties and external environmental factors. Field monitoring can play an important role in quantifying these factors as well as the roadbed subgrade responses to further our understanding of the resulting moisture transport and freeze–thaw mechanisms. Field monitoring can also be used to assess the effectiveness of computational models that use measurements of the environmental factors to predict the subgrade response. In this study, an extensive sensor network was installed up to a depth of 213 cm (7 ft) under a granular-surfaced roadway in Hamilton County, Iowa, for continuous measurement of soil temperature and water content. Soil index properties and hydraulic properties of the subgrade soils were determined by laboratory testing of disturbed and intact soil samples. This paper presents and compares the collected data on in-situ soil temperature and soil moisture distributions with those of preliminary computational modeling of the soil response using the SHAW Model. Laboratory-assessed soil properties and weather station measurements were used as inputs for the computational predictive models. The computational models give promising results, particularly for prediction of the subgrade temperature profiles.


This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of a proceeding published as Genc, Derya, Jeramy C. Ashlock, Bora Cetin, Kristen Cetin, Masrur Mahedi, Robert Horton, and Halil Ceylan. (2022) "Monitoring and Modeling of Soil Thermal and Hydraulic Behavior Beneath a Granular-Surfaced Roadway." In: Tutumluer E., Nazarian S., Al-Qadi I., Qamhia I.I. (eds) Advances in Transportation Geotechnics IV. Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering, vol 165. Springer, Cham. The final authenticated version is available online at DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-77234-5_72. Posted with permission.

Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2022