Microsecond State Monitoring of Nonlinear Time-Varying Dynamic Systems

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2017-01-01
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Dodson, Jacob
Joyce, Bryan
Hong, Jonathan
Wolfson, Janet
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Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering

The Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering seeks to apply knowledge of the laws, forces, and materials of nature to the construction, planning, design, and maintenance of public and private facilities. The Civil Engineering option focuses on transportation systems, bridges, roads, water systems and dams, pollution control, etc. The Construction Engineering option focuses on construction project engineering, design, management, etc.

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The Department of Civil Engineering was founded in 1889. In 1987 it changed its name to the Department of Civil and Construction Engineering. In 2003 it changed its name to the Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering.

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1889-present

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  • Department of Civil Engineering (1889-1987)
  • Department of Civil and Construction Engineering (1987-2003)
  • Department of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering (2003–present)

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Electrical and Computer Engineering

The Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECpE) contains two focuses. The focus on Electrical Engineering teaches students in the fields of control systems, electromagnetics and non-destructive evaluation, microelectronics, electric power & energy systems, and the like. The Computer Engineering focus teaches in the fields of software systems, embedded systems, networking, information security, computer architecture, etc.

History
The Department of Electrical Engineering was formed in 1909 from the division of the Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. In 1985 its name changed to Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering. In 1995 it became the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

Dates of Existence
1909-present

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  • Department of Electrical Engineering (1909-1985)
  • Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Engineering (1985-1995)

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Reliable operation of next generation high-speed complex structures (e.g. hypersonic air vehicles, space structures, and weapons) relies on the development of microsecond structural health monitoring (μSHM) systems. High amplitude impacts may damage or alter the structure, and therefore change the underlying system configuration and the dynamic response of these systems. While state-of-the-art structural health monitoring (SHM) systems can measure structures which change on the order of seconds to minutes, there are no real-time methods for detection and characterization of damage in the microsecond timescales.

This paper presents preliminary analysis addressing the need for microsecond detection of state and parameter changes. A background of current SHM methods is presented, and the need for high rate, adaptive state estimators is illustrated. Example observers are tested on simulations of a two-degree of freedom system with a nonlinear, time-varying stiffness coupling the two masses. These results illustrate some of the challenges facing high speed damage detection.

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This proceeding is published as Dodson, Jacob, Bryan Joyce, Jonathan Hong, Simon Laflamme, and Janet Wolfson. "Microsecond State Monitoring of Nonlinear Time-Varying Dynamic Systems." In ASME 2017 Conference on Smart Materials, Adaptive Structures and Intelligent Systems, pp. V002T05A013-V002T05A013. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2017. DOI: 10.1115/SMASIS2017-3999. Posted with permission.

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Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2017