Crystal growth and magnetic structure of MnBi2 Te 4

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2019-06-07
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Yan, J.-Q.
Zhang, Q.
Heitmann, T.
Huang, Zengle
Chen, K. Y.
Cheng, J.-G.
Wu, Weida
Vaknin, David
Sales, B. C.
McQueeney, Robert
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Ames National Laboratory

Ames National Laboratory is a government-owned, contractor-operated national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), operated by and located on the campus of Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa.

For more than 70 years, the Ames National Laboratory has successfully partnered with Iowa State University, and is unique among the 17 DOE laboratories in that it is physically located on the campus of a major research university. Many of the scientists and administrators at the Laboratory also hold faculty positions at the University and the Laboratory has access to both undergraduate and graduate student talent.

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Physics and Astronomy
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Abstract

Millimeter-sized MnBi2Te4 single crystals are grown out of a Bi-Te flux and characterized using magnetic, transport, scanning tunneling microscopy, and spectroscopy measurements. The magnetic structure of MnBi2Te4 below TN is determined by powder and single-crystal neutron diffraction measurements. Below TN = 24 K, Mn2+ moments order ferromagnetically in the ab plane but antiferromagnetically along the crystallographic c axis. The ordered moment is 4.04(13)μB/Mn at 10 K and aligned along the crystallographic c axis in an A-type antiferromagnetic order. Below TN, the electrical resistivity drops upon cooling or when going across the metamagnetic transition in increasing magnetic fields. A critical scattering effect is observed in the vicinity of TN in the temperature dependence of thermal conductivity, indicating strong spin-lattice coupling in this compound. However, no anomaly is observed in the temperature dependence of thermopower around TN. Fine tuning of the magnetism and/or electronic band structure is needed for the proposed topological properties of this compound. The growth protocol reported in this work might be applied to grow high-quality crystals where the electronic band structure and magnetism can be finely tuned by chemical substitutions.

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