Temperature dependence of magnetic anisotropy in Mn-substituted cobalt ferrite

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2006-01-01
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Melikhov, Y.
Snyder, J.
Ring, A.
Paulsen, J.
Lo, Chester
Dennis, Kevin
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Jiles, David
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Materials Science and Engineering

The Department of Materials Science and Engineering teaches the composition, microstructure, and processing of materials as well as their properties, uses, and performance. These fields of research utilize technologies in metals, ceramics, polymers, composites, and electronic materials.

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The Department of Materials Science and Engineering was formed in 1975 from the merger of the Department of Ceramics Engineering and the Department of Metallurgical Engineering.

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1975-present

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Abstract

The temperature variation of magnetic anisotropy and coercive field of magnetoelastic manganese-substituted cobaltferrites (CoMnxFe2−xO4 with 0⩽x⩽0.6) was investigated. Major magnetic hysteresis loops were measured for each sample at temperatures over the range 10–400 K, using a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer. The high-field regimes of the hysteresis loops were modeled using the law of approach to saturation equation, based on the assumption that at sufficiently high field only rotational processes remain, with an additional forced magnetization term that was linear with applied field. The cubic anisotropy constant K1 was calculated from the fitting of the data to the theoretical equation. It was found that anisotropy increases substantially with decreasing temperature from 400 to 150 K, and decreases with increasing Mn content. Below 150 K, it appears that even under a maximum applied field of 5 T, the anisotropy of CoFe2O4 and CoMn0.2Fe1.8O4 is so high as to prevent complete approach to saturation, thereby making the use of the law of approach questionable in these cases.

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The following article appeared in Journal of Applied Physics 99 (2006): 08R102 and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2151793.

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Sun Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2006
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