Re-emergence of Tobacco streak virus Infecting Soybean in the United States and Canada

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Irizarry, Melissa
Groves, Carol
Elmore, Manjula
Bradley, Carl
Dasgupta, Ranjit
German, Thomas
Jardine, Douglas
Saalau Rojas, Erika
Smith, Damon
Tenuta, Albert
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Whitham, Steven
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Plant Pathology and Microbiology
The Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology and the Department of Entomology officially merged as of September 1, 2022. The new department is known as the Department of Plant Pathology, Entomology, and Microbiology (PPEM). The overall mission of the Department is to benefit society through research, teaching, and extension activities that improve pest management and prevent disease. Collectively, the Department consists of about 100 faculty, staff, and students who are engaged in research, teaching, and extension activities that are central to the mission of the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. The Department possesses state-of-the-art research and teaching facilities in the Advanced Research and Teaching Building and in Science II. In addition, research and extension activities are performed off-campus at the Field Extension Education Laboratory, the Horticulture Station, the Agriculture Engineering/Agronomy Farm, and several Research and Demonstration Farms located around the state. Furthermore, the Department houses the Plant and Insect Diagnostic Clinic, the Iowa Soybean Research Center, the Insect Zoo, and BugGuide. Several USDA-ARS scientists are also affiliated with the Department.
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Tobacco streak virus (TSV), an Ilarvirus, was first confirmed as a viral pathogen of tobacco in 1936 (Johnson 1936) and first reported in North American soybean in 1969 (Fagbenle and Ford 1970). TSV has a wide host range with strains able to infect at least 140 different plant genera, including crop, ornamental, and wild species (Fulton 1948). Due to its extensive host range and strain adaptations, TSV is found in commercial crops worldwide. Since 1969, however, TSV has not been a problem on soybean or commonly reported until the 2013 season, when it was found in fields throughout Iowa. A similar situation is found throughout the Midwest, with TSV being reported in recent years in Illinois, Kansas, and Wisconsin, as well as Ontario, Canada.


This article is published as Irizarry, M. D., Groves, C. L., Elmore, M. G., Bradley, C. A., Dasgupta, R., German, T. L., Jardine, D. J., Saalau Rojas, E., Smith, D. L., Tenuta, A. U., Whitham, S. A., and Mueller, D. S. 2016. Re-emergence of Tobacco streak virus infecting soybean in the United States and Canada. Plant Health Prog. 17:92-94. doi: 10.1094/PHP-BR-15-0052 . Posted with permission.

Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2016