Nondestructive Magnetic Measurement of Biaxial Stress Using Magnetic Fields Parallel and Perpendicular to the Stress Plane
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Begun in 1973, the Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (QNDE) is the premier international NDE meeting designed to provide an interface between research and early engineering through the presentation of current ideas and results focused on facilitating a rapid transfer to engineering development.
This site provides free, public access to papers presented at the annual QNDE conference between 1983 and 1999, and abstracts for papers presented at the conference since 2001.
Many mechanical stress situations tend to be biaxial in character in that two stresses act along axes at 90°. Examples are the stresses found in gas pipeline, oil pipeline, power plant steam pipes, and railroad wheels.