Affirmative Action in India: Restricted Strategy Space, Complex Constraints, and Direct Mechanism Design

dc.contributor.author Aygün, Orhan
dc.contributor.author Turhan, Bertan
dc.contributor.department Economics
dc.date.accessioned 2023-10-04T15:52:40Z
dc.date.available 2023-10-04T15:52:40Z
dc.date.issued 2023-11-22
dc.description.abstract Since the 1950s, India has instituted an intricate affirmative action program through a meticulously designed reservation system. This system incorporates vertical and horizontal reservations to address historically marginalized groups’ socioeconomic imbalances. Vertical reservations designate specific quotas of available positions for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, and Economically Weaker Sections. Concurrently, horizontal reservations are employed within each vertical category to allocate positions for additional subgroups, such as women and individuals with disabilities. In educational admissions, the legal framework recommended that unfilled positions reserved for the OBC category revert to unreserved status. Moreover, we document that individuals from vertically reserved categories have more complicated preferences over institution-vertical category position pairs, even though authorities only elicit their preferences over institutions. To address these challenges, the present paper proposes a novel class of Generalized Lexicographic (GL) choice rules. This class is comprehensive, subsuming the most salient priority structures discussed in the extant matching literature. Utilizing the GL choice rules and the deferred acceptance mechanism, we present a robust framework that generates equitable and effective solutions for resource allocation problems in the Indian context.
dc.description.comments JEL Classification: C78, D02, D47, I38<br/>Length: 41 pages <br/>Original Release Date: October 4, 2023<br/>Revision: November 1, 2023<br/>Latest Revision: November 22, 2023 <br/><br/>Copyright 2023, The Authors
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/0zEydYjz
dc.language.iso en
dc.relation.ispartofseries 23006
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Social and Behavioral Sciences::Economics
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Social and Behavioral Sciences::Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration::Social Welfare
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Business::Marketing
dc.subject.keywords Market design
dc.subject.keywords affirmative action
dc.subject.keywords vertical reservations
dc.subject.keywords horizontal reservations
dc.subject.keywords de-reservations
dc.subject.keywords India
dc.subject.keywords lexicographic choice
dc.title Affirmative Action in India: Restricted Strategy Space, Complex Constraints, and Direct Mechanism Design
dc.type Working Paper
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 22f6a76c-10fc-4cad-8b40-a3d859a61167
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication 4c5aa914-a84a-4951-ab5f-3f60f4b65b3d
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