Production method for making rare earth compounds

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1997-11-15
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McCallum, R.
Ellis, Timothy
Dennis, Kevin
Hofer, Robert
Branagan, Daniel
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Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
The Iowa State University Research Foundation (ISURF) seeks to protect the intellectual property (including new discoveries, technologies, or creative works) of the university's students & faculty which is continuously created through research and other undertakings. It seeks to manage, protect, and own all intellectual property on behalf of the university. The Iowa State University Research Foundation was created in 1938.
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A method of making a rare earth compound, such as a earth-transition metal permanent magnet compound, without the need for producing rare earth metal as a process step, comprises carbothermically reacting a rare earth oxide to form a rare earth carbide and heating the rare earth carbide, a compound-forming reactant (e.g. a transition metal and optional boron), and a carbide-forming element (e.g. a refractory metal) that forms a carbide that is more thermodynamically favorable than the rare earth carbide whereby the rare earth compound (e.g. Nd.sub.2 Fe.sub.14 B or LaNi.sub.5) and a carbide of the carbide-forming element are formed.

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