Synthesis of hierarchically structured aluminas under controlled hydrodynamic conditions

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2005-01-01
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Deng, Weihua
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Shanks, Brent
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Chemical and Biological Engineering

The function of the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering has been to prepare students for the study and application of chemistry in industry. This focus has included preparation for employment in various industries as well as the development, design, and operation of equipment and processes within industry.Through the CBE Department, Iowa State University is nationally recognized for its initiatives in bioinformatics, biomaterials, bioproducts, metabolic/tissue engineering, multiphase computational fluid dynamics, advanced polymeric materials and nanostructured materials.

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The Department of Chemical Engineering was founded in 1913 under the Department of Physics and Illuminating Engineering. From 1915 to 1931 it was jointly administered by the Divisions of Industrial Science and Engineering, and from 1931 onward it has been under the Division/College of Engineering. In 1928 it merged with Mining Engineering, and from 1973–1979 it merged with Nuclear Engineering. It became Chemical and Biological Engineering in 2005.

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1913 - present

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  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1913–1928)
  • Department of Chemical and Mining Engineering (1928–1957)
  • Department of Chemical Engineering (1957–1973, 1979–2005)
    • Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering (2005–present)

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Aluminas having hierarchical bimodal pore structures with regular arrayed macropores interconnected with mesopores were synthesized in a cone/plate apparatus that provided well-defined hydrodynamic I conditions. A parametric synthesis study was performed to better understand the synthesis conditions required to form the hierarchical structures. The synthesis experiments demonstrated that the hierarchnical structure could only be formed under limited mixing conditions. The mesoporous structure, which was created by interstitial porosity between boehmite nanoparticles, was formed independently of the macropores and was not significantly impacted by the use of a surfactant, whereas the formation of the macropores required the presence of an alkoxide droplet within the synthesis mixture and the surfactant played no role other than to influence the hydrodynamic conditions during synthesis.

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Reprinted (adapted) with permission from Chemistry of Materials 17 (2005): 3092, doi: 10.1021/cm050315j. Copyright 2005 American Chemical Society.

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Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2005
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