Managing Alternative Production Systems: A European Perspective
I am going to give the European perspective on managing alternative production systems. That is very difficult, because there are many different perspectives in Europe. Therefore, I think you'll find that my perspective as a Swede will be a Swedish one, which involves food safety, our concern about animal health and welfare, and the animals' natural behavior as defined by the (Swedish) Animal Protection Act of 1988, which says that "Animals which are bred and kept for the production of food, wool, skins, or furs shall be kept and handled in a good environment for animals and in such a way as to promote their health and allow natural behavior." However, even if we have been working with that perspective for quite a few years, our membership in the European community gives us another perspective, and that is the perspective of competing. So we have to do this [raising swine according to this act], we have to do this well, and we have to be very efficient too.