Generating partial civil information model views using a semantic information retrieval approach

Chukharev-Hudilainen, Evgeny
Le, Tuyen
Jeong, H. David
Gilbert, Stephen
Chukharev-Hudilainen, Evgeny
Gilbert, Stephen
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Open data standards (e.g. LandXML, TransXML, CityGML) are a key to addressing the interoperability issue in exchanging civil information modeling (CIM) data throughout the project life-cycle. Since these schemas include rich sets of data types covering a wide range of assets and disciplines, model view definitions (MVDs) which define subsets of a schema are required to specify what types of data to be shared in accordance with a specific exchange scenario. The traditional procedure for generating and implementing MVDs is time-consuming and laborious as entities and attributes relevant to a particular data exchange context are manually identified by domain experts. This paper presents a method that can locate relevant information from a source XML data schema for a specific domain based on the user's keyword. The study employs a semantic resource of civil engineering terms to understand the semantics of a keyword-based query. The study also introduces a novel context-based search technique for retrieving related entities and their referenced objects. The developed method was tested on a gold standard of several LandXML subschemas. The experiment results show that the semantic MVD retrieval algorithm achieves a mean average precision of nearly 90%. The research is original, being a novel method for extracting partial civil information models given a keyword from the end user. The method is expected to become a fundamental tool assisting professionals in extracting data from complex digital datasets.

<p>This article is published as Le, Tuyen, H. David Jeong, Stephen B. Gilbert, and Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainend. "Generating partial civil information model views using a semantic information retrieval approach." <em>Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon)</em> 25, no. 2 (2020): 41-54. DOI: <a href="" target="_blank">10.36680/j.itcon.2020.002</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
Civil Information Modeling, Model View Definition, Civil Engineering Lexicon, Information Retrieval, Context-Aware