Air Emissions from Tom and Hen Turkey Houses in the U.S. Midwest

dc.contributor.author Xin, Hongwei
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Jacek
dc.contributor.author Hoff, Steven
dc.contributor.author Li, Hong
dc.contributor.author Xin, Hongwei
dc.contributor.author Burns, Robert
dc.contributor.author Jacobson, Larry
dc.contributor.author Noll, Sally
dc.contributor.author Harmon, Jay
dc.contributor.author Hoff, Steven
dc.contributor.author Harmon, Jay
dc.contributor.author Koziel, Jacek
dc.contributor.author Hetchler, Brian
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
dc.date 2018-02-13T03:46:31.000
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T22:42:12Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T22:42:12Z
dc.date.copyright Sat Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2011
dc.date.embargo 2012-12-08
dc.date.issued 2011-01-01
dc.description.abstract <p>Limited data exist in the literature regarding air emissions from U.S. turkey feeding operations. The project described in this article continuously monitored ammonia (NH3) and particulate matter (PM) emissions from turkey production houses in Iowa (IA) and Minnesota (MN) for 10 to 16 months, with IA monitoring Hybrid tom turkeys (35 to 143 d of age, average market body weight of 17.9 kg) for 16 months and MN monitoring Hybrid hens (35 to 84 d of age, average market body weight of 6.7 kg) for 10 months. Mobile air emission monitoring units (MAEMUs) were used in the continuous monitoring. Based on the approximately one-year measurement, each involving three flocks of birds, daily NH3, PM10, and PM2.5 concentrations (mean ±SD) in the tom turkey barn were 8.6 ±10.0 ppm, 1104 ±719 µg m-3, and 143 (±124) µg m-3, respectively. Daily NH3 and PM10 concentrations (mean ±SD) in the hen turkey barn were 7.3 ±7.9 ppm and 301 ±160 µg m-3, respectively. Daily NH3 concentrations during downtime (mean ±SD) were 38.4 ±20.5 and 20.0 ±16.3 ppm in the tom and hen barns, respectively. The cumulative NH3 emissions (mean ±SE) were 141 ±13.1 and 1.8 ±0.9 g bird-1 for the tom turkeys during 108 d growout and 13 d downtime, respectively, and 52 ±2.1 and 28.2 ±2.5 g bird-1 for the hen turkeys during 49 d growout and 32 d downtime, respectively (the extended downtime for the hen house was to ensure monitoring of one flock per season). The cumulative PM10 emission (mean ±SE) was 28.2 ±3.3 g bird-1 for the tom turkeys during 108 d growout and 4.6 ±2.2 and 0.3 ±0.06 g bird-1 for the hen turkeys during 49 d growout and 32 d downtime, respectively. Downtime in the hen house was of greater duration than would be typically observed (32 d vs. 7 d to 14 d typical). The cumulative PM2.5 emission (mean ±SE) was 3.6 ±0.7 g bird-1 for the tom turkeys during 108 d growout (not monitored for the hen turkeys). Because farm operations will vary in flock number, growout days, and downtime; annual emissions can be calculated from the cumulative emissions and downtime emissions per bird from the data provided. Air emissions data from this study, presented in both daily emission and cumulative per-bird-marketed emission, contribute to the improved U.S. national air emissions inventory for animal feeding operations.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is from <a href="http://elibrary.asabe.org/abstract.asp?aid=36258&t=3&dabs=Y&redir=&redirType=" target="_blank"><em>Transactions of the ASABE</em></a> 54, no. 1 (2011): 305–314.</p>
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.identifier archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/73/
dc.identifier.articleid 1064
dc.identifier.contextkey 3522626
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/73
dc.identifier.uri https://dr.lib.iastate.edu/handle/20.500.12876/1526
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/73/Koziel_2011_AirEmissionsTom.pdf|||Sat Jan 15 01:45:29 UTC 2022
dc.subject.disciplines Agriculture
dc.subject.disciplines Bioresource and Agricultural Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Poultry or Avian Science
dc.subject.keywords Air emission
dc.subject.keywords Ammonia
dc.subject.keywords National air emissions inventory
dc.subject.keywords Particulate matter
dc.subject.keywords Turkey
dc.title Air Emissions from Tom and Hen Turkey Houses in the U.S. Midwest
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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relation.isAuthorOfPublication 76fc5589-51f8-4f3c-885c-e25d8037d641
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