Across-ecoregion analysis suggests a hierarchy of ecological filters that regulate recruitment of a globally invasive fish Bajer, P. G. Cross, T. K. Lechelt, J. D. Chizinski, C. J. Weber M. J. Sorensen, P. W.
dc.contributor.department Natural Resource Ecology and Management 2022-01-31T21:11:38Z 2022-01-31T21:11:38Z 2015-05
dc.description.abstract Aim Even successful invaders are abundant only in a fraction of locales they inhabit. One of the main challenges in invasion ecology is explaining processes that drive these patterns. We investigated recruitment of a globally invasive fish, common carp (Cyprinus carpio), across three ecoregions to determine the role of environmental characteristics, predatory communities and propagule pressure on the invasion process at coarse and fine spatial scales. Location Lakes across Northern Forest, Temperate Forest and Great Plains ecoregions of North America. Methods We used data from 567 lakes to model presence or absence of carp recruitment using environmental conditions (lake clarity, area, maximum depth), native predatory fishes (micropredators, mesopredators, large predators) and propagule pressure (abundance of adult carp). We formed a set of alternative models and evaluated their support using an information theoretic approach. Once most supported models were identified, we used classification tree to determine how variables included in these models interacted to affect carp recruitment. Finally, we conducted a field experiment to test the predictions of the classification tree analysis. Results Carp recruitment was strongly regulated by processes associated with water clarity, which appeared to function as a broad-scale ecological filter. Carp were unlikely to recruit in clear, oligotrophic lakes (Secchi depth > 2 m) despite the presence of adults in many such systems. Recruitment was more likely to occur in regions with turbid lakes, but abundant micropredators could inhibit it there. Main conclusions Carp recruitment and invasions across large geographic areas are attributable to a two-layer ecological filter with lake clarity/productivity acting as a coarse-scale filter and micropredators acting as a fine-scale filter. This two-layer filter might explain the complex patterns of carp invasions among and within different ecoregions. Ecological filters may also explain the success of other aquatic invaders that show similarly patchy spatial distribution patterns.
dc.description.comments This article is published as Bajer, Przemek G., Timothy K. Cross, Joseph D. Lechelt, Christopher J. Chizinski, Michael J. Weber, and Peter W. Sorensen. "Across‐ecoregion analysis suggests a hierarchy of ecological filters that regulate recruitment of a globally invasive fish." Diversity and Distributions 21, no. 5 (2015): 500-510. doi:10.1111/ddi.12315. Posted with permission.
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
dc.source.uri *
dc.subject Biological invasions
dc.subject biotic resistance
dc.subject Cyprinus carpio
dc.subject ecological filters
dc.subject propagule pressure
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Physical Sciences and Mathematics::Environmental Sciences::Natural Resources Management and Policy
dc.subject.disciplines DegreeDisciplines::Life Sciences::Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
dc.title Across-ecoregion analysis suggests a hierarchy of ecological filters that regulate recruitment of a globally invasive fish
dc.type Article
dspace.entity.type Publication
relation.isAuthorOfPublication 3baf6c7c-b2cc-49f9-8206-a05cfe5ef774
relation.isOrgUnitOfPublication e87b7b9d-30ea-4978-9fb9-def61b4010ae
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