Comparison of Humoral and Cellular Immune Responses to Inactivated Swine Influenza Virus Vaccine in Weaned Pigs
Humoral and cellular immune responses to inactivated swine influenza virus (SIV) vaccine were evaluated and compared. Fifty 3-week-old weaned pigs were randomly divided into the non-vaccinated control group and vaccinated group containing 25 pigs each. Pigs were vaccinated intramuscularly twice with adjuvanted UV-inactivated A/SW/MN/02011/08 (MN/08) H1N2 SIV vaccine at 6 and 9 weeks of age. Whole blood samples for multi-parameter flow cytometry (MP-FCM) and serum samples for hemagglutination inhibition (HI) assay were collected at 23 and 28 days after the second vaccination, respectively. A standard HI assay and MP-FCM were performed against UV-inactivated homologous MN/08 and heterologous pandemic A/CA/04/2009 (CA/09) H1N1 viruses. While the HI assay detected humoral responses only to the MN/08 virus, the MP-FCM detected strong cellular responses against the MN/08 virus and significant heterologous responses to the CA/09 virus, especially in the CD4+CD8+ T cell subset. The cellular heterologous responses to UV-inactivated virus by MP-FCM suggested that the assay was sensitive and potentially detected a wider range of antigens than what was detected by the HI assay. Overall, the adjuvanted UV-inactivated A/SW/MN/02011/08 H1N2 SIV vaccine stimulated both humoral and cellular immune responses including the CD4−CD8+ T cell subset.
This article is from Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 142 (2011): 252, doi:10.1016/j.vetimm.2011.05.005.