Lake Atitlan: A Review of the Food, Energy, and Water Sustainability of a Mountain Lake in Guatemala Kanwar, Rameshwar Neher, Timothy Soupir, Michelle Kanwar, Rameshwar Soupir, Michelle
dc.contributor.department Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
dc.contributor.department Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering 2021-01-13T21:30:11.000 2021-02-24T17:51:53Z 2021-02-24T17:51:53Z Fri Jan 01 00:00:00 UTC 2021 2021-01-07
dc.description.abstract <p>This paper summarizes the findings of an extensive review of literature that was conducted to understand the historical state of the food, energy, and water nexus in the Lake Atitlan basin and to recommend incentive-based, long-term sustainable policies to become a significant driver to Guatemala’s tourism industry and GDP growth. The SWAT (Soil and Water Assessment Tool) was implemented in the basin to work towards the goal of simulating nutrient loading. A key conclusion of this review study is for the local population to have advocacy for the “zero wastewater discharge to Lake Atitlan” initiative to bring long-term benefits to lake water quality. One of the recommended policy decisions is to seek external financing from international agencies like the World Bank at low-cost interest (IDA Loans) to implement waste management systems and pay this external debt by putting a small but affordable tax on tourists visiting the lake. Once a culture of zero municipal effluent discharge to Lake Atitlan is adopted by the local population, the livelihood of residents will become sustainable and the standard of living will increase because of improved water and air quality, making Lake Atitlan a haven of tourism for Guatemala and lifting its economy.</p>
dc.description.comments <p>This article is published as Neher, Timothy P., Michelle L. Soupir, and Rameshwar S. Kanwar. "Lake Atitlan: A Review of the Food, Energy, and Water Sustainability of a Mountain Lake in Guatemala." <em>Sustainability</em> 13, no. 2 (2021): 515. DOI: <a href="" target="_blank">10.3390/su13020515</a>. Posted with permission.</p>
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dc.identifier archive/
dc.identifier.articleid 2458
dc.identifier.contextkey 21065768
dc.identifier.s3bucket isulib-bepress-aws-west
dc.identifier.submissionpath abe_eng_pubs/1173
dc.language.iso en
dc.source.bitstream archive/|||Fri Jan 14 18:57:05 UTC 2022
dc.source.uri 10.3390/su13020515
dc.subject.disciplines Environmental Engineering
dc.subject.disciplines Food Security
dc.subject.disciplines Tourism
dc.subject.disciplines Water Resource Management
dc.subject.keywords algae
dc.subject.keywords eutrophication
dc.subject.keywords food security
dc.subject.keywords water quality
dc.subject.keywords policy
dc.subject.keywords SWAT
dc.title Lake Atitlan: A Review of the Food, Energy, and Water Sustainability of a Mountain Lake in Guatemala
dc.type article
dc.type.genre article
dspace.entity.type Publication
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