Feline dry eye syndrome of presumed neurogenic origin: a case report

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2018-01-01
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Sebbag, Lionel
Sebbag, Lionel
Pesavento, Patricia
Carrasco, Sebastian
Reilly, Christopher
Maggs, David
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Veterinary Clinical Sciences
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Veterinary Clinical Sciences
Abstract

Case summary A 14-year-old female spayed Abyssinian cat, which about 1 year previously underwent thoracic limb amputation, radiotherapy and chemotherapy for an incompletely excised vaccine-related fibrosarcoma, was presented for evaluation of corneal opacity in the left eye (OS). The ocular surface of both eyes (OU) had a lackluster appearance and there was a stromal corneal ulcer OS. Results of corneal aesthesiometry, Schirmer tear test-1 (STT-1) and tear film breakup time revealed corneal hypoesthesia, and quantitative and qualitative tear film deficiency OU. Noxious olfactory stimulation caused increased lacrimation relative to standard STT-1 values suggesting an intact nasolacrimal reflex. Various lacrimostimulants were administered in succession; namely, 1% pilocarpine administered topically (15 days) or orally (19 days), and topically applied 0.03% tacrolimus (47 days). Pilocarpine, especially when given orally, was associated with notable increases in STT-1 values, but corneal ulceration remained/recurred regardless of administration route, and oral pilocarpine resulted in gastrointestinal upset. Tacrolimus was not effective. After 93 days, the cat became weak and lame and a low thyroxine concentration was detected in serum. The cat was euthanized and a necropsy performed. Both lacrimal glands were histologically normal, but chronic neutrophilic keratitis and reduced conjunctival goblet cell density were noted OU.

Relevance and novel information The final diagnosis was dry eye syndrome (DES) of presumed neurogenic origin, associated with corneal hypoesthesia. This report reinforces the importance of conducting tearfilm testing in cats with ocular surface disease, as clinical signs of DES were different from those described in dogs.

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This article is published as Sebbag, Lionel, Patricia A. Pesavento, Sebastian E. Carrasco, Christopher M. Reilly, and David J. Maggs. "Feline dry eye syndrome of presumed neurogenic origin: a case report." Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports 4, no. 1 (2017): 2055116917746786. DOI: 10.1177%2F2055116917746786. Posted with permission.

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