Block Stanley Decompositions I. Elementary and gnomon decompositions
Stanley decompositions are used in invariant theory and the theory of normal forms for dynamical systems to provide a unique way of writing each invariant as a polynomial in the Hilbert basis elements. Since the required Stanley decompositions can be very long, we introduce a more concise notation called a block decomposition, along with three notions of shortness (incompressibility, minimality of Stanley spaces, and minimality of blocks) for block decompositions. We give two algorithms that generate different block decompositions, which we call elementary and gnomon decompositions, and give examples. Soleyman-Jahan's criterion for a Stanley decomposition to come from a prime filtration is reformulated to apply to block decompositions. We simplify his proof, and apply the theorem to show that elementary and gnomon decompositions come from “subprime” filtrations. In a sequel to this paper we will introduce two additional algorithms that generate block decompositions that may not always be subprime, but are always incompressible.
This is a manuscript of an article published as Murdock, James, and Theodore Murdock. "Block Stanley decompositions I. Elementary and gnomon decompositions." Journal of Pure and Applied Algebra 219, no. 6 (2015): 2189-2205. doi: 10.1016/j.jpaa.2014.07.030. Posted with permission.